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YELLOWSTONE WARNING! A SUPERVOLCANO WAKING UP IN THE USA-Scientists Warning Over SUPER-VOLCANO That Could Kill MILLIONS

YELLOWSTONE WARNING! A SUPERVOLCANO WAKING UP IN THE USA-Scientists Warning Over SUPER-VOLCANO That Could Kill MILLIONS

SCIENTISTS have warned the world is in “volcano season” and there is up to a 10% chance of an eruption soon killing millions of people and devastating the planet.A deadly supervolcano lies under Yellowstone — here’s what would happen if it erupted.

Although fears of a Yellowstone volcanic blast go viral every few years, there are better things to worry about than a catastrophic supereruption exploding from the bowels of Yellowstone National Park.

Scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) Yellowstone Volcano Observatory always pooh-pooh these worrisome memes, but that doesn’t mean researchers are ignoring the possible consequences of a supereruption. Along with forecasting the damage, scientists constantly monitor the region for signs of molten rock tunneling underground. Scientists scrutinize past supereruptions, as well as smaller volcanic blasts, to predict what would happen if the Yellowstone Volcano did blow.

Here’s a deeper look at whether Yellowstone’s volcano would fire up a global catastrophe.

Most of Yellowstone National Park sits inside three overlapping calderas. The shallow, bowl-shaped depressions formed when an underground magma chamber erupted at Yellowstone. Each time, so much material spewed out that the ground collapsed downward, creating a caldera. The massive blasts struck 2.1 million, 1.3 million and 640,000 years ago. These past eruptions serve as clues to understanding what would happen if there was another Yellowstone megaexplosion. 

NOW WATCH: Even SWAT Teams are Helpless Against This…

If a future supereruption resembles its predecessors, then flowing lava won’t be much of a threat. The older Yellowstone lava flows never traveled much farther than the park boundaries, according to the USGS. For volcanologists, the biggest worry is wind-flung ash. Imagine a circle about 500 miles (800 kilometers) across surrounding Yellowstone; studies suggest the region inside this circle might see more than 4 inches (10 centimeters) of ash on the ground, scientists reported Aug. 27, 2014, in the journal Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems.

The ash would be pretty devastating for the United States, scientists predict. The fallout would include short-term destruction of Midwest agriculture, and rivers and streams would be clogged by gray muck.

SEE ALSO:“SUPERVOLCANO” WARNING-Yellowstone About To Blow? Scientists Warning Over SUPER-VOLCANO That Could Kill MILLIONS

People living in the Pacific Northwest might also be choking on Yellowstone’s fallout.

“People who live upwind from eruptions need to be concerned about the big ones,” said Larry Mastin, a USGS volcanologist and lead author of the 2014 ash study. Big eruptions often spawn giant umbrella clouds that push ash upwind across half the continent, Mastin said. These clouds get their name because the broad, flat cloud hovering over the volcano resembles an umbrella. “An umbrella cloud fundamentally changes how ash is distributed,” Mastin said.

But California and Florida, which grow most of the country’s fruits and vegetables, would see only a dusting of ash.

Yellowstone Volcano’s next supereruption is likely to spew vast quantities of gases such as sulfur dioxide, which forms a sulfur aerosol that absorbs sunlight and reflects some of it back to space. The resulting climate cooling could last up to a decade. The temporary climate shift could alter rainfall patterns, and, along with severe frosts, cause widespread crop losses and famine.

The walls of the Grand Canyon of Yellowstone are made up predominantly of lava and rocks from a supereruption some 500,000 years ago.Credit: USGS


But a Yellowstone megablast would not wipe out life on Earth. There were no extinctions after its last three enormous eruptions, nor have other supereruptions triggered extinctions in the last few million years.

“Are we all going to die if Yellowstone erupts? Almost certainly the answer is no,” said Jamie Farrell, a Yellowstone expert and assistant research professor at the University of Utah. “There have been quite a few supereruptions in the past couple million years, and we’re still around.”

However, scientists agree there is still much to learn about the global effects of supereruptions. The problem is that these massive outbursts are rare, striking somewhere on Earth only once or twice every million years, one study found. “We know from the geologic evidence that these were huge eruptions, but most of them occurred long enough in the past that we don’t have much detail on what their consequences were,” Mastin said. “These events have been so infrequent that our advice has been not to worry about it.”

A far more likely damage scenario comes from the less predictable hazards — large earthquakes and hydrothermal blasts in the areas where tourists roam. “These pose a huge hazard and could have a huge impact on people,” Farrell said.

DON’T MISS: Learn How Planning Ahead Can Help You Protect Your Family, Your Home And Your Belongings In A Dangerous Time.Watch this free video.

Human civilization will surely survive a supereruption, so let’s bust another myth. There is no pool of molten rock churning beneath Yellowstone’s iconic geysers and mud pots. The Earth’s crust and mantle beneath Yellowstone are indeed hot, but they are mostly solid, with small pockets of molten rock scattered throughout, like water inside a sponge. About 9 percent of the hot blob is molten, and the rest is solid, scientists reported on May 15, 2015, in the journal Science. This magma chamber rests between 3 to 6 miles (5 to 10 km) beneath the park.

Estimates vary, but a magma chamber may need to reach about 50 percent melt before molten rock collects and forces its way out. “It doesn’t look like at this point that the [Yellowstone] magma reservoir is ready for an eruption,” said Farrell, co-author of the 2015 study in the journal Science. [Can You Outrun a Supervolcano? Maybe, Study Finds]

How do researchers measure the magma? Seismic waves travel more slowly through hot or partially molten rock than they do through normal rock, so scientists can see where the magma is stored, and how much is there, by mapping out where seismic waves travel more slowly, Farrell said.

The magma storage region is not growing in size, either, at least for as long as scientists have monitored the park’s underground. “It’s always been this size, it’s just we’re getting better at seeing it,” Farrell said.

As with magma mapping, the science of forecasting volcanic eruptions is always improving. Most scientists think that magma buildup would be detectable for weeks, maybe years, preceding a major Yellowstone eruption. Warning signs would include distinctive earthquake swarms, gas emissions and rapid ground deformation.

Someone who knows about these warning signals might look at the park today and think, “Whoa, something weird is going on!” Yellowstone is a living volcano, and there are always small earthquakes causing tremors, and gas seeping from the ground. The volcano even breathes — the ground surface swells and sinks as gases and fluids move around the volcanic “plumbing” system beneath the park.

READ MORE:RED ALERT:The Timebomb Under Yellowstone- US West Coast Earthquake IMMINENT as Cascadia Subduction Zone Surges-A Supervolcano Waking Up

But the day-to-day shaking in the park does not portend doom. The Yellowstone Volcano Observatory has never seen warning signs of an impending eruption at the park, according to the USGS.

What are scientists looking for? For one, the distinctive earthquakes triggered by moving molten rock. Magma tunneling underground sets off seismic signals that are different from those generated by slipping fault lines. “We would see earthquakes moving in a pattern and getting shallower and shallower,” Farrell said. To learn about the earthquake patterns to look for, revisit the 2014 eruption of Bardarbunga Volcano in Iceland. Both amateurs and experts “watched” Bardarbunga’s magma rise underground by tracking earthquakes. The eventual surface breakthrough was almost immediately announced on Twitter and other social media. As with Iceland, all of Yellowstone’s seismic data is publicly available through the U.S. Geological Survey’s Yellowstone Volcano Observatory and the University of Utah.

“We would have a good idea that magma is moving up into the shallow depths,” Farrell said. “The bottom line is, we don’t know when or if it will erupt again, but we would have adequate warning.”


The Yellowstone supervolcano is a disaster waiting to happen- /yellowstone-volcano-eruption-unusual-eruptions-at-yellowstones-largest-active-geyser-steamboat-baffles-scientists/

The Yellowstone supervolcano is a disaster waiting to happen- /yellowstone-volcano-eruption-unusual-eruptions-at-yellowstones-largest-active-geyser-steamboat-baffles-scientists/

Posted by NewsPrepper on Monday, September 18, 2017


Credit: USGS

‘Ring of Fire’ Threatens a Larger Earthquake – CALIFORNIA ROCKED BY THREE EARTHQUAKES IN ONE DAY. What’s Going On With The Ring of Fire?

‘Ring of Fire’ Threatens a Larger Earthquake – CALIFORNIA ROCKED BY THREE EARTHQUAKES IN ONE DAY. What’s Going On With The Ring of Fire?

Three earthquakes hit California on Thursday, one as far south as Trabuco Canyon and a second all the way up to a spot off the coast of Eureka, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

A third earthquake struck near Lytle Creek, California, registering a 2.5 on the Richter scale. Trabuco Canyon, which is close to Lytle Creek, registered 4.0. Both cities are near Los Angeles.

The northernmost earthquake, closest to Eureka, registered a 5.8 on the Richter scale. However, because it hit 100 miles off the coastline, the vibrations were not as strong when they reached land. ABC7 reports that residents of Ferndale, California, in Humboldt County, felt the earthquake, but there are currently no reports of damage or injuries.

California from above. The state was rocked by earthquakes on Thursday.

NASA

According to the USGS, when the earthquake hit at 8:39 a.m., the ripples of seismic activity reached from the southern coast of Oregon to nearly Ukiah, California, about 400 miles away.

Over the past seven days, California has experienced 15 earthquakes of magnitude 2.5 or greater up and down the state, including two that hit off the coast in the Pacific Ocean.

Many of the tremors occurred near or along the San Andreas fault, where tectonic plates shift along the western edge of the state. The San Andreas fault is known to be particularly prone to earthquakes, and scientists believe that it will someday rock the state with “The Big One.”

Smaller earthquakes often precede bigger ones, but it’s hard to say whether this activity is indicative of a bigger earthquake to come, and if so, when.

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Underwater seismic activity can sometimes cause tsunamis, which can cause major destruction when they reach land. The National Tsunami Warning Center tweeted that the earthquake off the coast of Northern California is not expected to cause a tsunami.

The California coast is part of the “Ring of Fire,” an area where there are an abnormal number of underwater volcanoes. Made up of the Pacific coastline of the U.S., Asia and the Pacific Islands, this area is prone to earthquakes.

Scientists predict that 2018 will be a particularly bad year for earthquakes. On Thursday, an even bigger earthquake registering a 6.2 on the Richter scale hit Japan.

Even SWAT Teams are Helpless Against This…

What is the Ring of Fire?

The Ring of Fire refers to a sprawling, horseshoe-shaped geological disaster zone in the Pacific, according to ABC News. The ring stretches 25,000 miles from New Zealand through Indonesia, the Philippines and Japan to Alaska, Canada and the West Coast down to South America. It contains 452 volcanoes and several tectonic plates in the earth’s crust.

Earth’s so-called ‘Ring of Fire’ is a horseshoe-shaped geological disaster zone that is a hot bed for tectonic and volcanic activity.

Roughly 90 per cent of the world’s earthquakes occur in the belt, which is also home to more than 450 volcanoes. 

The seismic region stretches along the Pacific Ocean coastlines, where the Pacific Plate grinds against other plates that form the Earth’s crust.

It loops from New Zealand to Chile, passing through the coasts of Asia and the Americas on the way. 

In total, the loop makes up a 25,000-mile (40,000-kilometre) -long zone prone to frequent earthquakes and eruptions.

The region is susceptible to disasters because it is home to a vast number of ‘subduction zones’, areas where tectonic plates overlap.

Earthquakes are triggered when these plates scrape or slide underneath one another, and when that happens at sea it can spawn tsunamis.

Earthquakes are triggered when these plates scrape or slide underneath one another, and when that happens at sea it can spawn tsunamis.

RECOMMENDED : What You Do In The Next 5 Seconds Will Determine If You And Your Family Survive Or Die…?

Of the recent string of natural disasters in the Ring of Fire, Professor Elders said: ‘It’s not a cause for concern. Activity in the region is subject to variation.’

Alaska’s 7.9 magnitude earthquake struck off Kodiak Island early Tuesday, prompting a tsunami warning for a large swath of the state’s coast.


A 7.9 magnitude earthquake struck off Kodiak Island, Alaska, early Tuesday, prompting a tsunami warning for a large swath of the state’s coast. Roughly 90 per cent of the world’s earthquakes occur in the Ring of Fire

Some residents fled to higher ground, but officials cancelled the warning following a few tense hours after waves failed to show up at coastal Alaskan communities.

Alaska’s Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management said there have been no reports of damage, so far.

On the other side of the Pacific, fifteen people, including eight soldiers, skiing on the slopes of a volcano in central Japan were injured Tuesday.

Also this week, a powerful earthquake struck the coast of Indonesia forcing thousands to evacuate. The Indonesian island of Java was hit by the 6.4 magnitude earthquake on Tuesday. Pictured is damage to a house on the island following the quake

An eruption at Mount Kusatsu-Shirane near Tokyo, Japan, sparked an avalanche that killed one and left scores stranded up the mountain.

Also this week, a powerful earthquake struck the coast of Indonesia forcing thousands to evacuate.

The Indonesian island of Java was hit by the 6.4 magnitude earthquake on Tuesday.  

The country’s capital Jakarta was also affected by the earthquake but there were no immediate reports of damage or injuries.

There are 8 active volcanoes in California. Which ones top the watch list?

California is more than Earthquake Country. It’s Volcano Country, too. With eight active volcanoes, one of the most closely watched is just three hours up the highway from the state Capitol – Lassen.

“The threat is real,” says scientist Maggie Mangan of the USGS. Video contains archive footage of the last time Lassen erupted, in 1915.

There are 8 active volcanoes in California. Which ones top the watch list? California is more than Earthquake Country. It's Volcano Country, too./ring-fire-threatens-larger-earthquake-california-rocked-three-earthquakes-one-day-whats-going-ring-fire/

Posted by Patricia Irons on Friday, January 26, 2018

REVEALED:US PREPARES FOR BIG ONE MAG 9.0 EARTHQUAKE THAT WILL HIT FIVE TIMES SPEED OF SOUND

REVEALED:US PREPARES FOR BIG ONE MAG 9.0 EARTHQUAKE THAT WILL HIT FIVE TIMES SPEED OF SOUND

 

FEMA warns California! Get off the coast! M9 or greater is Imminent! 

Scientists warns California! Get off the coast! M9 or greater is Imminent! Earth crustal shift, Cascadia Subduction Zone about to slip! Even the New Madrid has tripled in earthquake swarms! Prepare Now!!

Many believe, that all these “movements” of awareness,and increasing over the past 5 years, is part of a larger problem. The government has been preparing with underground shelters. Moving strategic departments of the military, and intelligence out to Colorado. The Norway “Doomsday Seed Vault”.. And the elite bunkers built, all over the world.

And why were there so many Apocalyptic movies released in the past 10 years?

The threat of a massive earthquake and tsunami have been looming over the Pacific Northwest for decades.

Now, experts are taking it seriously. This summer the Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA) is conducting a large-scale drill to see if it’s ready for worst.

The test will simulate a 9.0 magnitude quake along the Cascadia Subduction Zone, followed by a tsunami that could create waves more than 50ft-high.

THE THREAT OF ‘THE BIG ONE’ 

Experts say an event of this kind occurs roughly every 400-600 years, and the area is now overdue for a similar quake that could leave thousands dead or displaced.

Worst-case scenarios show that more than 1,000 bridges in Oregon and Washington state could either collapse or be so damaged that they are unusable.

The main coastal highway, US Route 101, will suffer heavy damage from the shaking and from the tsunami.

Traffic on Interstate 5 — one of the most important thoroughfares in the nation — will likely have to be rerouted because of large cracks in the pavement.

Seattle, Portland and other urban areas could suffer considerable damage, such as the collapse of structures built before codes were updated to take into account a mega-quake.

Researchers say such an event of this kind occurs roughly every 400-600 years, and the area is overdue a similar quake that could leave thousands dead or displaced.

The last time the region faced a ‘Big One’ was in 1906 when San Andres unleashed anearthquake that killed roughly 3,000 people.

This summer’s drill, dubbed Cascadia Rising, will test to see how local and state emergency responders, Fema, and a number of military groups work together.

The simulation will run from June, and will use past events to help plan the future response.

In April, researchers speaking at the Seismological Society of America’s (SSA) Annual Meeting, in Reno, Nevada said plans for managing tsunami risk on the West Coast are still evolving.

Meanwhile, geologists are searching for evidence of past tsunamis in the region to help them refine their estimates of tsunami risk.

There is, for instance, the evidence for frequent and large earthquakes and tsunamis occurring within the past 2,000 years in parts of the Eastern Aleutian Islands.

There are signs that these earthquakes have spanned the boundary between the locked and creeping portions of the region’s megathrust fault.

Earthquakes in the area could cause significant tsunami effects across the Pacific, especially in Hawaii and California.

‘Despite the fact that we have learned a significant amount about the earthquake sources for tsunamis, there are gaps in our understanding of past tsunamis, especially prehistoric tsunamis,’ says Rick Wilson, a senior engineering geologist with the California Geological Survey.

REVEALED:US PREPARES FOR BIG ONE MAG 9.0 EARTHQUAKE THAT WILL HIT

REVEALED:US PREPARES FOR BIG ONE MAG 9.0 EARTHQUAKE THAT WILL HIT FIVE TIMES SPEED OF SOUNDArticle Here:/revealedus-prepares-for-big-one-mag-9-0-earthquake-that-will-hit-five-times-speed-of-sound/

Posted by Patricia Irons on Thursday, September 27, 2018

‘If we can demonstrate when and where tsunamis occurred in the past, that information will give us a better understanding of the return periods in these areas, and that can go into the probabilistic analyses that help us understand our hazard and risk better.’

Wilson, who also serves as the science coordinator for the State of California Tsunami Preparedness and Hazard Mitigation Program, noted that more than 440,000 people have died worldwide since 1850 as a result of tsunamis.

A powerful earthquake thought to be as large as 9.2 magnitude ripped through the earth in 1700, along the 600 mile stretch of the Cascadia Subduction Zone, causing severe shaking and a massive tsunami. An animation from the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center plotted the path of the tsunami as it traveled from the US to Japan.

WHAT WILL CAUSE KILLER QUAKE?

The Cascadia Subduction Zone (CSZ) ‘megathrust’ fault is a 1,000km-long line that stretches from Northern Vancouver Island to Cape Mendocino California.

It separates the Juan de Fuca, a 700-mile chunk in the Pacific Ocean, and North America plates.

For more than 300 years, the two plates have been pushing against one another.

Eventually, the Juan de Fuca will be pushed underneath the North America plate, causing the region to sink at least six feet.

The San Andreas Fault in California, has a quieter, far more dangerous cousin that could make itself known at any moment. Running from Northern California to British Columbia, the Cascadia subduction zone can deliver a quake that’s many times stronger than San Andreas

The deadly tsunamis caused by the 2004 Sumatran earthquake and the 2011 Tohoku earthquake brought increased public attention to tsunami science, warning and preparation.

At the SSA meeting, Wilson will discuss how California officials used state tsunami response playbooks to respond to a tsunami advisory issued after the September 2015 magnitude 8.3 Illapel earthquake in Chile.

The playbooks were created after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, ‘when there was very little consistency between communities [in California] in what they did,’ Wilson says.

‘Some evacuated their entire zone, some just evacuated their beaches.’

The new playbooks offer a variety of action plans depending on the size of the tsunami from a distant source, Wilson says.

The future of tsunami response and preparedness might come from new technologies such as camera-bearing drones.

These could  send video messages of incoming waves to convince coastal dwellers to evacuate, says Masa Hayashi, a retired IBM engineer presenting at the SSA meeting.

And there’s also the remote possibility that the trigger for a tsunami might not come from an earthquake, but from an asteroid strike on Earth.


UPDATE  : How You Protect Yourself When a Quake Hits Might Be All Wrong -How to Prepare Your Home for Natural Disasters

In an SSA talk, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researcher Souheil Ezzedine will share data from a study that models the effects of an asteroid-generated tsunami, on several coastline cities in the U.S., depending on the asteroid’s impact off the U.S. East Coast, the Gulf of Mexico, and into the Pacific Ocean near San Francisco.

Last month, scientists were finally able to trace the origins of the historic tsunami that struck the coasts of Japan just before midnight on January 27, 1700.

They linked it to a powerful seismic event in the Pacific Northwest of the United States, along the Cascadia Subduction Zone.

‘Cascadia can make an earthquake almost 30 times more energetic than the San Andreas to start with,’ Chris Goldfinger, a professor of geophysics at Oregon State University told CNN.

‘Then it generates a tsunami at the same time, which the side-by-side motion of the San Andreas can’t do’.

The Cascadia could deliver a huge 9.0-magnitude quake and the shaking could last anything from three to five minutes, scientists claim.

‘In this case, three minutes – and I’ve been in a 9 in Japan – three minutes is an eternity,’ said Goldfinger. ‘It is a very, very long time.’

Goldfinger says we’ll lose bridges, highway routes and that the coast will probably be entirely closed down.

As a result it would be difficult to get around, and rescue crews will be overwhelmed.

Federal, state and military officials have been working together to draft plans to be followed when the ‘Big One’ happens.

These contingency plans reflect deep anxiety about the potential gravity of the looming disaster: upward of 14,000 people dead in the worst-case scenarios, 30,000 injured, thousands left homeless and the region’s economy setback for years, if not decades.


 

READ MORE : Geologists:The San Andreas Fault is ‘Locked, Loaded and Ready To Go’ – A Major Earthquake Could Put The California Coastline Underwater “Any Day Now

 


As a response, what planners envision is a deployment of civilian and military personnel and equipment that would eclipse the response to any natural disaster that has occurred thus far in the US.

There would be waves of cargo planes, helicopters and ships, as well as tens of thousands of soldiers, emergency officials, mortuary teams, police officers, firefighters, engineers, medical personnel and other specialists.

‘The response will be orders of magnitude larger than Hurricane Katrina or Super Storm Sandy,’ said Lt. Col. Clayton Braun of the Washington State Army National Guard.

ADVICE ON HOW TO SURVIVE A PACIFIC NORTHWEST EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI

This diagram show the areas where land will be most affected by the shocks, causing landslides or liquefaction.

Last year, scientists outlined their alarmingly unhelpful tips on how to survive the earthquake that will hit the Pacific Northwest.

The killer quake along Cascadia, a fault line which runs from Cape Mendocino, California, to Vancouver Island, Canada, is 72 years overdue, according to peer-reviewed studies.

The ‘Big One’ will hit when Juan de Fuca, a 700-mile chunk of the Pacific Ocean, slides under Canada and America, causing the entire coastal region to sink at least six feet.

When – not if – it arrives, it is unlikely the people of coastal Oregon, Washington and California will be able to escape.

But if they want to try, there are a few tips they should keep in mind.

Run, don’t drive, to higher ground, says Kevin Cupples, the city planner for the town of Seaside, Oregon, in an interview with the New Yorker.

The force of the quake will cause liquefaction, when solid ground acts like liquid, across vast swathes of the porous region.

In the areas that aren’t ‘liquefied’, the highways will likely be crumpled by landslides, with 30,000 avalanches set to hit Seattle alone.

Citizens will have a 20-minute interval to climb to the highest altitude possible before the full force of the tsunami hits, scientists predict.

Their alert will be when dogs start barking.

The first sign the quake is coming will be a set of compressional waves, only audible by dogs. Then there will be the quake, then 20 minutes later, the tsunami.

Geographers estimate that many could survive just by walking – however, they need to be going at least 3.5mph.

If everyone ups their average speed from 2.5mph to 3.5mph, the death toll drops to 15,970. About 70 per cent of them would be in Washington, nearly 30 per cent in Oregon and only 4 per cent in California.

And there is no point being a hero. ‘When that tsunami is coming, you run,’ Jay Wilson, the chair of the Oregon Seismic Safety Policy Advisory Commission, tells the New Yorker.

‘You protect yourself, you don’t turn around, you don’t go back to save anybody. You run for your life.’

The only other safety measure is to relocate away from the Pacific north west.

Oregon’s response plan is called the Cascadia Playbook, named after the threatening offshore fault — the Cascadia Subduction Zone.

The plan, unveiled last year, has been handed out to key officials so the state can respond quickly when disaster strikes.

‘That playbook is never more than 100 feet from where I am,’ said Andrew Phelps, director of the Oregon Office of Emergency Management.

A magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami that devastated parts of Japan in 2011 gave greater clarity to what the Pacific Northwest needs to do to improve its readiness for a similar catastrophe.

‘The Japanese quake and tsunami allowed light bulbs to go off for policymakers,’ Phelps said.

Much still needs to be done, and it is impossible to fully prepare for a catastrophe of this magnitude, but those responsible for drafting the evolving contingency plans believe they are making headway.

Worst-case scenarios show that more than 1,000 bridges in Oregon and Washington state could either collapse or be so damaged that they are unusable.

The main coastal highway, US Route 101, will suffer heavy damage from the shaking and from the tsunami.

Traffic on Interstate 5 — one of the most important thoroughfares in the nation — will likely have to be rerouted because of large cracks in the pavement.

Seattle, Portland and other urban areas could suffer considerable damage, such as the collapse of structures built before codes were updated to take into account a mega-quake.

The last full rip of the Cascadia Subduction Zone happened in January 1700.

The exact date and destructive power was determined from buried forests along the Pacific Northwest coast and an ‘orphan tsunami’ that washed ashore in Japan.

Geologists digging in coastal marshes and offshore canyon bottoms have also found evidence of earlier great earthquakes and tsunamis.

The inferred timeline of those events gives a recurrence interval between Cascadia megaquakes of roughly every 400 to 600 years, reports the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network.

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PROJECT HAARP: A TERRIFYING LOOK AT THE CONTROL OF WEATHER WARFARE – Is The US Controlling The Weather?

PROJECT HAARP: A TERRIFYING LOOK AT THE CONTROL OF WEATHER WARFARE – Is The US Controlling The Weather?

Project HAARP: US Weather Control?

A secretive government radio energy experiment in Alaska, with the potential to control the weather or a simple scientific experiment?

“It isn’t just conspiracy theorists who are concerned about HAARP. The European Union called the project a global concern and passed a resolution calling for more information on its health and environmental risks. Despite those concerns, officials at HAARP insist the project is nothing more sinister than a radio science research facility.”

— Quote from a TV documentary on HAARP by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC).

HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program) is a little-known, yet critically important U.S. military defense program which has generated quite a bit of controversy over the years in certain circles.

Though denied by HAARP officials, some respected researchers allege that secret electromagnetic warfare capabilities of HAARP are designed to forward the US military’s stated goal of achieving full-spectrum dominance by the year 2020.

Others go so far as to claim that HAARP can and has been used for weather modification, to cause earthquakes and tsunamis, to disrupt global communications systems, and more.

Major aspects of the program are kept secret for alleged reasons of “national security.” Yet there is no doubt that HAARP and electromagnetic weapons capable of being used in warfare do exist. According to the official HAARP website:

“HAARP is a scientific endeavor aimed at studying the properties and behavior of the ionosphere, with particular emphasis on being able to understand and use it to enhance communications and surveillance systems for both civilian and defense purposes.”

The ionosphere is the delicate upper layer of our atmosphere which ranges from about 30 miles (50 km) to 600 miles (1,000 km) above the surface of the Earth.

The HAARP website acknowledges that experiments are conducted which use electromagnetic frequencies to fire pulsed, directed energy beams in order to “temporarily excite a limited area of the ionosphere.” Some scientists state that purposefully disturbing this sensitive layer could have major and even disastrous consequences.

Concerned HAARP researchers like Dr. Michel Chossudovsky of the University of Ottawa and Alaska’s Dr. Nick Begich (son of a US Congressman) present evidence suggesting that these disturbances can even cause tsunamis and earthquakes.

Two key major media documentaries, one by Canada’s public broadcasting network CBC (see below) and the other by the History Channel (below), reveal the inner workings of HAARP in a most powerful way. The very well researched CBC documentary includes this key quote:

“It isn’t just conspiracy theorists who are concerned about HAARP. In January of 1999, the European Union called the project a global concern and passed a resolution calling for more information on its health and environmental risks. Despite those concerns, officials at HAARP insist the project is nothing more sinister than a radio science research facility.”

To watch this engaging 15-minute CBC documentary online, click here.

The actual wording at bullet point 24 in this telling document states that the EU,

“considers HAARP by virtue of its far-reaching impact on the environment to be a global concern and calls for its legal, ecological and ethical implications to be examined by an international independent body before any further research and testing.” 

This reveling document further states that the EU regrets the repeated refusal of the U.S. government to send anyone to give evidence on HAARP.

For an even more detailed and revealing 45-minute History Channel documentary on HAARP and other secret weapons used for electromagnetic warfare, click here. Below are two quotes from the History Channel documentary:

“Electromagnetic weapons … pack an invisible wallop hundreds of times more powerful than the electrical current in a lightning bolt. One can blast enemy missiles out of the sky, another could be used to blind soldiers on the battlefield, still another to control an unruly crowd by burning the surface of their skin. If detonated over a large city, an electromagnetic weapon could destroy all electronics in seconds. They all use directed energy to create a powerful electromagnetic pulse.”

“Directed energy is such a powerful technology it could be used to heat the ionosphere to turn weather into a weapon of war. Imagine using a flood to destroy a city or tornadoes to decimate an approaching army in the desert. The military has spent a huge amount of time on weather modification as a concept for battle environments. If an electromagnetic pulse went off over a city, basically all the electronic things in your home would wink and go out, and they would be permanently destroyed.”

History Channel Documentary

For those who still doubt that such devastating secret weapons have been developed, here is an intriguing quote from an article in New Zealand’s leading newspaper, the New Zealand Herald:

“Top-secret wartime experiments were conducted off the coast of Auckland to perfect a tidal wave bomb, declassified files reveal. United States defence chiefs said that if the project had been completed before the end of the war, it could have played a role as effective as that of the atom bomb. Details of the tsunami bomb, known as Project Seal, are contained in 53-year-old documents released by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.”

If the military secretly developed a weapon which could cause a tsunami over half a century ago, what kind of advanced deadly weapons might be available now?

And why is it that the general public still doesn’t know about secret weapons developed over 50 years ago?

Clearly the military has the capability to cause a tsunami and likely to cause earthquakes and hurricanes, as well. It’s time for us to take action to spread the word on this vital topic.

Having interpreted to for top generals in my work as a language interpreter with the US Department of State, I learned that military planners are always interested in developing the most devastating weapons possible. Yet these weapons are kept secret as long as possible, allegedly for reasons of national security.

The many layers of intense secrecy both in the military and government result in very few people being aware of the gruesome capabilities for death and destruction that have been developed over the years. There are many examples of major defense projects kept successfully out of the public’s eyes for years and even decades.

The massive Manhattan Project (development of the first atomic bomb) is one such example. The building of an entire city to support the project in Oak Ridge, Tennessee was successfully kept secret even from the state’s governor. The stealth bomber was kept top secret for many years, and the public still has no way of knowing it’s full capabilities.

It is through the use of the highly organized military and intelligence services that the power elite of our world, working in cooperation with key allies in government and corporate ownership of the media, are able to carry out major cover-ups and secret operations like those involved with HAARP.

Some researchers have raised questions about the possible involvement of HAARP in major disasters like the earthquake in Haiti, Indonesian tsunami, and hurricane Katrina. Could these have been HAARP experiments gone awry? Might they even have been caused by rogue elements which gained control of this devastating technology.

Of course disasters like this happen regularly on a natural basis, yet if you begin to research, there is some high strangeness around some of these disasters. The evidence is inconclusive, yet with the known and unknown major destructive capabilities of this weapon, serious questions remain.

Jesse Ventura, the former Navy Seal who turned pro wrestler only to then become governor of Minnesota, has also done a special on HAARP that is a bit sensationalized, yet contains useful information. You can watch this special on YouTube at this link.

BE PREPARED CALIFORNIA : Earthquake ‘Thermometer’ Shows LA Region Is Boiling To Northridge LEVEL-California Could Be Hit By an 8.2 Mega-Earthquake, And It Would Be Catastrophic

BE PREPARED CALIFORNIA : Earthquake ‘Thermometer’ Shows LA Region Is Boiling To Northridge LEVEL-California Could Be Hit By an 8.2 Mega-Earthquake, And It Would Be Catastrophic

The Los Angeles region’s “earthquake potential score,” a gauge for assessing the likelihood of a destructive temblor, has surpassed the level assigned to the 6.7 magnitude Northridge Earthquake of 1994, according to a University of California Davis professor.

The score is created through “nowcasting,” a method of using small earthquakes to mark the current progress between larger and more dangerous ones, according to John Rundle, a professor of geology and physics at UC Davis. Rundle developed the idea in collaboration with researchers from UC Irvine and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

“The data says that within 100 kilometers of Los Angeles, as judged by the number of small earthquakes, we are in the same state of hazard as we were just prior to Northridge,” Rundle said.

The Northridge Earthquake killed dozens, injured more than 8,000 people and disrupted life in Los Angeles and the surrounding counties for months. Though the score gives a sense of risk, Rundle stressed nowcasting, unlike forecasting, doesn’t attempt to predict when the next earthquake might hit or how damaging the quake could be.

Since 1933, three earthquakes with a magnitude larger than 6 have occurred in Los Angeles, with 23 to 38 years separating each. Northridge struck a few months shy of 24 years ago today.

Last year, Rundle and his co-authors published their research on nowcasting in “Earth and Space Science.” In an update this week, Rundle calculated the earthquake potential score, or EPS, just before Northridge was at 77.8 percent. There were 34 earthquakes, with greater than a 4.5 magnitude, between the previous 6.6 magnitude San Fernando Earthquake in 1971 and the subsequent 1994 quake.

This graph, created by John Rundle of UC Davis, shows the “earthquake potential score” or EPS, at the time the Northridge Earthquake occurred in 1994. (Courtesy of John Rundle)

By comparison, Los Angeles’ EPS is currently at 80.3 percent, with 31 earthquakes greater than a 4.5 magnitude between 1994 and Friday.

“This does not necessarily mean that a (greater than magnitude 6) earthquake will occur in the near future in that region, it could be years away,” Rundle said in an email Friday. “But given the fact that there have been 3 such events in the last century (the 1933 Long Beach, the 1971 San Fernando, and the 1994 Northridge), you can depend on the fact that such an earthquake will occur at some point.”


READ MORE: RUSSIA WARNS OF MEGA EARTHQUAKE COMING Scientists Warn of Looming U.S. West Coast BIG ONE

 


With nowcasting, the risk only increases with more time. Each small earthquake raises the score and it only resets to zero once the larger quake occurs. Nowcasting isn’t a scientific model, instead Rundle described it as a simple and broad interpretation of regional data that does not factor in the complexities of the area’s earthquake faults.

Lisa Grant Ludwig, a professor of public health at UC Irvine and a co-author on the study, prefers to think of nowcasting as a snapshot of “where we are now.” She compared the hazard rating to looking out the window, seeing the light dimming and knowing the sun will set, even if you don’t know what time exactly.

“We’re not bright and early in the morning. We’re getting late in the day,” she said. “The earthquake potential is uncomfortably high, anyway you look at it.”

Ludwig’s background is in geology, but she switched her focus to public health because she wanted to motivate people to prepare for the inevitable.

“We’re never going to be able to stop earthquakes, they’re going to happen no matter what,” she said. “We have to act before, not after.”

The idea behind the earthquake potential score is to make it easier to understand the threat. The calculations could be used to display hazard levels in real time for major cities around the world. The researchers have toyed with a website that would display each city’s score, but it isn’t yet publicly available.

If the earthquake potential score is a thermometer, we’re getting “uncomfortably warm,” Ludwig said. Now, particularly in light of recent natural disasters, is the time to prepare, by creating an emergency supply kit and a disaster plan, she said.

“People don’t like to deal with it, but the impact, when it happens, will depend in a large part on what we did, or did not do, before the earthquake,” she said.

California could be hit by an 8.2 mega-earthquake, and it would be catastrophic.

The magnitude 8.2 earthquake that ravaged southern Mexico on Sept. 7 was the largest to shake the country in nearly a century.

Like California, Mexico is a seismically active region that has seen smaller quakes that have caused death and destruction. But the Sept. 7 temblor is a reminder that even larger quakes — while rare — do occur.

Scientists say it’s possible for Southern California to be hit by a magnitude 8.2 earthquake. Such a quake would be far more destructive to the Los Angeles area because the San Andreas fault runs very close to and underneath densely populated areas.

The devastating quakes that hit California over the last century were far smaller than the Sept. 7 temblor, which Mexican authorities set at magnitude 8.2 and the U.S. Geological Survey placed at 8.1. Mexico’s earthquake produced four times more energy than the great 1906 San Francisco earthquake, a magnitude 7.8, which killed 3,000 people and sparked a fire that left much of the city in ruins.

Southern California’s most recent mega-quake was in 1857, also estimated to be magnitude 7.8, when the area was sparsely populated. (That was considerably stronger than the 7.1 quake that hit Mexico , causing buildings to collapse and leading to a significant loss of life).

Here’s what a hypothetical magnitude 8.2 earthquake would look like in Southern California — a quake that begins near the Mexican border and moves north and west through L.A. County into central California

A magnitude 8.2 earthquake would rupture the San Andreas fault from the Salton Sea — close to the Mexican border — all the way to Monterey County. The fault would rupture through counties including Los Angeles, Riverside and San Bernardino.

An 8.2 earthquake would be far worse here because the San Andreas fault runs right through areas such as the Coachella Valley — home to Palm Springs — and the San Bernardino Valley, along with the San Gabriel Mountains north of Los Angeles. The fault is about 30 miles from downtown Los Angeles.

The Sept. 7 earthquake occurred in the ocean off the Mexican coast and began about 450 miles from Mexico City — and it was relatively deep, starting about 43 miles under the surface.


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In Mexico, “you’ve got [many] people a pretty long way aways from it,” seismologist Lucy Jones said. But in Southern California, “we’d have a lot of people right on top of it. It would be shallow, and it runs through our backyard.”

A magnitude 8.2 on the San Andreas fault would cause damage in every city in Southern California, Jones has said, from Palm Springs to San Luis Obispo.

WORSE SHAKING THAN NORTHRIDGE

Intense shaking would be worse

Southern California would feel even worse shaking if a magnitude 8.2 earthquake hit here than what was experienced in Mexico on Sept. 7. Mexico’s earthquake struck under the ocean and was deep; “violent” shaking — calculated as intensity 9 shaking by the USGS — struck only a relatively small part of the country that happens to be sparsely populated.

M 8.2 – 101km SSW of Tres Picos, Mexico

That’s the same intensity that was felt in the worst-hit neighborhood in the 1994 magnitude 6.7 Northridge earthquake.

Even though the Northridge and Mexico seismic events vary widely in magnitude — the Mexico earthquake on Sept. 7 produced 178 times more total energy — Angelenos also felt “violent” shaking in 1994 because the Northridge earthquake struck directly underneath heavily populated areas and was extremely shallow, striking between just four and 12 miles under the surface.

M 6.7 – 1km NNW of Reseda, CA

A magnitude 8.2 earthquake on the San Andreas would produce shaking more intense than either the Mexico or Northridge earthquakes.

It would bring intensity level 10 shaking, which is perceived by humans as “extreme.” Such shaking would blanket huge swaths of Southern California — an earthquake that no one alive today has experienced in this region.

M 7.8 Scenario Earthquake – Shakeout2 Full Scenario

The ShakeOut scenario envisioned the earthquake beginning to move the San Andreas fault at the Salton Sea close to the Mexican border, then moving rapidly to the northwest toward L.A. County.

This animation shows how intense shaking is directed from the San Andreas fault into the Los Angeles Basin. Areas of yellow indicate strong shaking; orange is “very strong” shaking and red is “violent” or “extreme” shaking, causing collapses. (U.S. Geological Survey / Southern California Earthquake Center)

Mexico City rode out the Sept. 7 earthquake better than a devastating 1985 temblor that killed thousands of people there, in large part because the capital was so far away from the epicenter of this week’s quake. The capital is about double the distance from the Sept. 7 epicenter as it was from the earthquake that struck 32 years ago.


 

ALSO READ : MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WARNING:US West Coast Earthquake Warning as Cascadia Subduction Zone Surges

 


WHAT AN 8.2 EARTHQUAKE COULD DO

A mega-earthquake in the Southland

The U.S. Geological Survey published a hypothetical scenario of what a magnitude 7.8 earthquake on the San Andreas fault would look like. The scenario is still a useful look to imagine what an 8.2 would do to much of Southern California. Both earthquakes would bring generally the same intensity of shaking to Los Angeles, but the 8.2 earthquake would send more intense shaking to areas farther north and west, such as Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo.

The death toll could be one of the worst for a natural disaster in U.S. history: nearly 1,800, about the same number of people killed in Hurricane Katrina.

More than 900 could die from fire; more than 400 from the collapse of vulnerable steel-frame buildings; more than 250 from other building damage; and more than 150 from transportation accidents, such as car crashes due to stoplights being out or broken bridges.

Los Angeles County could suffer the highest death toll, more than 1,000; followed by Orange County, with more than 350 dead; San Bernardino County, with more than 250 dead; and Riverside County, with more than 70 dead. Nearly 50,000 could be injured.

DAMAGE TO INFRASTRUCTURE

Freeways, water threatened

Main freeways to Las Vegas and Phoenix that cross the San Andreas fault would be destroyed in this scenario; Interstate 10 crosses the fault in a dozen spots, and Interstate 15 would see the roadway sliced where it crosses the fault, with one part of the roadway shifted from the other by 15 feet, Jones said.

Scared? Don’t be. Here are tips on how to prepare -Video Below

“Those freeways cross the fault, and when the fault moves, they will be destroyed, period,” Jones said. “To be that earthquake, it has to move that fault, and it has to break those roads.”

The aqueducts that bring in 88% of Los Angeles’ water supply and cross the San Andreas fault all could be damaged or destroyed, Jones said.

A big threat to life would be collapsed buildings. As many as 900 unretrofitted brick buildings close to the fault could come tumbling down on occupants, pedestrians on sidewalks and even roads, crushing cars and buses in the middle of the street.

Fifty brittle concrete buildings housing 7,500 people could completely or partially collapse. Five high-rise steel buildings — of a type known to be seismically vulnerable — holding 5,000 people could completely collapse.

Some 500,000 to 1 million people could be displaced from their homes, Jones said.

Flames billow from a ruptured gas main beyond a crater in Granada Hills after the 1994 Northridge earthquake. (Los Angeles Times)

THREAT TO ELECTRICAL GRID

Southern California could be isolated

Southern California could be isolated for some time, with the region surrounded by mountains and earthquake faults. The Cajon Pass — the gap between the San Gabriel and San Bernardino mountains through which Interstate 15 is built, and the main route to Las Vegas — is also home to the San Andreas fault and a potentially explosive mix of pipelines carrying gasoline and natural gas, and overhead electricity lines.

All it would take is for the fuel line to break and a spark to create an explosion. “The explosion results in a crater,” the report says.

ShakeOut co-author Keith Porter, research professor at the University of Colorado, Boulder, warned in a 2011 study in the journal Earthquake Spectra that under certain conditions, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake could create such a sudden interruption of high-voltage interstate transmission of electricity that potentially all of the western U.S. could lose power.”

Power could be restored within hours in other states, the scenario said. But restoring power in Southern California could take several days.

There could be up to 100,000 landslides, scientists say, based off how many landslides have occurred in past magnitude 7.8 earthquakes. “The really big earthquakes … are much more destabilizing to the hillsides,” Jones said.

Patients are evacuated after a San Fernando Valley hospital collapsed in the 1971 Sylmar earthquake.

THREAT OF FIRE

Death toll could be high in fire

Thousands could be forced to evacuate as fires spread across Southern California; 1,200 blazes could be too large to be controlled by a single fire engine company, and firefighting efforts would be hampered by traffic gridlock and a lack of water from broken pipes. Super-fires could destroy hundreds of city blocks filled with dense clusters of wood-frame homes and apartments.

The death toll could mount as hundreds of people trapped in collapsed buildings are unable to be rescued before flames burn through. Possible locations for the conflagrations include South Los Angeles, Riverside, Santa Ana and San Bernardino.

“If the earthquake happens in [hot] weather … or in a Santa Ana condition, the fires are going to become much more catastrophic. If it happens during a real rainy time, we’re going to have a lot more landslides,” Jones said.


 

ALSO READ: THE SAN ANDREAS FAULT : Massive Earthquake Along The San Andreas Fault Is Disturbingly Imminent

 


Several dams could be shaken so hard that “they would be so compromised that they would require emergency evacuation,” Jones said. Even damage to just a single dam above San Bernardino could force 30,000 people out of their homes, the ShakeOut report said.

AN EARLY WARNING?

System could give Southern California life-saving seconds to prepare

A seismic warning system for the West Coast has been under development for years by the U.S. Geological Survey, the nation’s lead earthquake monitoring agency. President Trump’s budget would have ended the system before it launched. Officials were looking for “sensible and rational reductions and making hard choices to reach a balanced budget by 2027,” according to the administration’s proposal.

But the proposal to end the funding raised bipartisan complaints up and down the coast. Twenty-eight lawmakers in the California Legislature, including leaders from both parties, urged officials to protect the earthquake early warning system. Members of Congress from Southern California to the Canadian border say the system is crucial to public safety.

In July, a congressional committee voted to keep funding. The proposal awaits a full vote by both houses of Congress.

The earthquake early warning system works on a simple principle: The seismic waves from an earthquake travel at the speed of sound through rock — slower than today’s communications systems.

For example, it would take more than a minute for a magnitude 7.8 earthquake that started at the Salton Sea to shake up Los Angeles, 150 miles away, traveling along the state’s longest fault, the San Andreas.


MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WARNING:US WEST COAST EARTHQUAKE WARNING AS CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE SURGES Full Article HERE:https://amg-news.com/major-earthquake-warningus-west-coast-earthquake-warning-as-cascadia-subduction-zone-surges/

MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WARNING:US WEST COAST EARTHQUAKE WARNING AS CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE SURGESFull Article HERE:https://amg-news.com/major-earthquake-warningus-west-coast-earthquake-warning-as-cascadia-subduction-zone-surges/

Posted by NewsPrepper on Sunday, April 9, 2017


Sources, verification and credibility :

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Andreas_Fault   

https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/ci3144585#shakemap 

http://www.latimes.com  

http://www.mercurynews.com  

http://scedc.caltech.edu/significant/northridge1994.html 

 https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1150/

How To Make The Perfect Hay Bale Gardening For Spring-Step By Step-Hay Bale Gardening Effortless Food Production with No Weeds, No Fertilizer & Less Watering

How To Make The Perfect Hay Bale Gardening For Spring-Step By Step-Hay Bale Gardening Effortless Food Production with No Weeds, No Fertilizer & Less Watering

We have decided to do Hay Bale gardening this year in Louisiana. This video shows us getting everything set up and the conditioning process started. No more worries about the yard flooding. The Hay Bale Garden series begins….

Hay bale gardening is probably the most fun you’ll have growing your own food and herbs, requiring almost no work or maintenance.

After a search online to find the simplest and easiest “no work” gardening method, I stumbled upon straw bale gardening. The concept is simple: You plant directly into bales of straw, and as the season progresses, the straw is broken down into virgin soil that nourishes the plants from inside the bale. One amazing benefit of this method of gardening is that the bales provide a raised bed, which keeps predators away and makes picking your vegetal treasures at the end of the season easy on the back. I watched every video I could find on the subject, and have since concluded that using HAY bales instead of STRAW bales is far superior.

Why Hay Bales are Superior to Straw Bales?

Before we get into why hay bales are superior to straw bales, let’s first define what they are:
Straw bales are basically stalks of plants, usually corn, that have been dried out and baled together into various shapes and sizes.
Hay bales are grasses that have been dried and baled together.

In my research, the idea that hay bales may have seeds in them and could grow weeds is the same reasoning reiterated time and time again by proponents of straw bale gardening. The reason why this idea holds little water is that when nitrogen is added to feed the bacteria and fungi to start the decomposition process of the bale, a process called “Conditioning your bale”, the interior of the bale can reach temperatures as high as 130 degrees Fahrenheit or more.

The likelihood of seeds surviving these extreme temperatures is slim, and a number of other benefits that come from using hay bales make it a far superior approach in my opinion.

-Straw is likely made from genetically modified plant matter – The problem with straw bales is that they will usually be made of genetically modified corn or soy. Do you really want your food growing in decomposing genetically modified plant matter?


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There is an old saying that our great-grandparents used to know:

Once in life you need a doctor, a lawyer, a policeman, and a preacher, but every day, three times a day, you need a FARMER.”

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-No fertilizer needed with hay – Hay is made of dried grasses, and for its ability to convert sunlight and soil minerals into dense nutrition, it has been said that grass is the healthiest plant on the planet. When we use hay bales for gardening (as opposed to straw bales), the compost that is formed within the bale to feed the plants is far superior in nutrition and, unlike straw bales, no fertilizer needs to be added to feed your plants throughout the season.

Less Watering – Straw holds water less effectively than hay, so instead of watering once per day with hay bales, you might have to do it 2 or 3 times per day.I like your concept

How to Grow a Hay Bale Garden

1

The first step to growing a hay bale garden is to acquire your hay bales. Take a look on your local classifieds like Kijiji or Craigslist and find a local farmer who is selling them. Once you find a nearby farmer with 40lb hay bales for sale, email them and arrange a time to pick them up or have them delivered to you.

Once you have the bales and have arranged them in your yard, the next step is to “condition” your bales. Buy yourself some 42-0-0 fertilizer, or some urea (nitrogen), and from here you will be introducing nitrogen into the bales over a 10-day period that will have the fungi, bacteria and insects breaking down your bales into fresh, virgin compost to feed your plants. You can also pee on your bales, as it is high in nitrogen and minerals, so start saving up pee in bottles for a fertilizer cost savings of about $40.

Days 1,3,5,7,9 – Add 1/2 cup of nitrogen to your bales and spray them with water so the nitrogen will soak in.
Days 2,4,6,8,10 – Soak the bale with water only.

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During the conditioning process, the temperature of the bale will rise significantly, from my research, up to 140 degrees Fahrenheit. In fact, the bales will become so hot that it’s important to keep the bales wet to eliminate the risk of a fire. Although risk of fire is minimal, keep this in mind when deciding where to stage your bales. When the conditioning process is complete, you’ll know it because the temperature inside the bale will have come back down from hot to warm. Now you’re ready to plant!

Simply plant your vegetable seeds or germinated seeds into the bale, water them once a day and you’re on your way to healthy produce in a few exciting months. The best part is, at the end of the season you’ll have yourself a heap of fresh compost that you can further compost or add to your other gardens or perennial plant beds for nourishment.


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Once Upon a Time in America…Are you ready to turn back the clocks to the 1800s for up to three years?Our grandfathers and great-grandfathers were the last generation to practice the basic things that we call survival skills now. …

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3 comments

  1. Monti 24 August, 2017 at 15:29 Reply

    Title includes the text “No Fertilizer”.

    Article text
    “-No fertilizer needed with hay –
    no fertilizer needs to be added

    next step is to “condition” your bales. Buy yourself some 42-0-0 FERTILIZER ”

    Fail

MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WARNING:US WEST COAST EARTHQUAKE WARNING AS CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE SURGES

MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WARNING:US WEST COAST EARTHQUAKE WARNING AS CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE SURGES

An ocean data buoy is alerting to an “event” in thCascadia Subduction Zone off the west coast of Oregon. This is where a magnitude 9 earthquake hit in 1700.

According to the data buoy, the water column height (depth) fell sharply within minutes off the coast of Oregon, signaling the land beneath the ocean has suddenly “sunk.”   Here are the graphs showing what the ocean data buoy recorded:

As of 0231:30, the initial water column height is 2738.80 Meters deep (8985.56 feet).  Two minutes and thirty seconds later, that same water column height had dropped to 2738.66 Meters deep (8985.10 feet). 

Where did the four inches of water disappear to?  Answer:  The earth sunk; and continued to sink for the next several HOURS.  As you can see from the second chart above, from 0230 GMT to 0600 GMT, the ocean continued to sink to 2737.7 meters deep (8981.95 feet).  The buoy is too far away from shore to be affected by high/low tide, so where did the four feet of ocean water disappear to?

This means a Tectonic Plate in the Ocean named the “Juan de Fuca Plate” has made a sudden, eastward movement and slipped beneath another Tectonic Plate named the “North American Plate.” This type of event is usually followed by a massive upward movement of the North American Plate causing a very severe earthquake.

Here’s a map of the relevant Tectonic Plates:a

In the year 1700, a similar movement of plates is believed to have been the cause of a Magnitude 9.0 earthquake, which devastated the west coast of north America, and generated an ocean Tsunami that washed inland upwards of ten MILES!

FOUR MEAGER FEET OF WATER? 

Lest you think that four feet of ocean depth is nothing to be concerned about, be reminded that the entire column of water . . . all 8985 feet of it . . . is what dropped four feet.  And it did so over an area several miles wide!

When the tectonic plate snaps back upward, it can launch that entire 8985 foot column of water upward and toward the shore!

As the continental shelf rises toward the shore (the ocean gets more shallow) that 8985 foot column of water starts accumulating upon itself as it moves toward shore, becoming one massive wave, perhaps 45-50 feet tall, that hits the shore for twenty minutes!

Now do you see why this is a big deal?

If such a thing were to happen today, hundreds-of-thousands of people would be killed as a fifteen meter (45 foot) wall of water came ashore well inland passing Interstate 5 and destroying everything its path from the beach to Interstate 5.

Even SWAT Teams are Helpless Against This… 

Here is a map of I-5, everything to the left of it (to the west) would be wiped out:a

Mount Hood Volcano Can Be Triggered to Erupt

This type of Tectonic Movement has a direct effect upon the volcanos in the Cascadia Volcanic Chain, in particular, Mount Hood.

When the Juan de Fuca tectonic plate goes beneath the North American plate, it begins to get crushed.  The heat from the friction of the two massive plates rubbing together, melts the Juan de Fuca plate into Magma (lava).

Directly next to the Cascadia Subduction Zone is the Mount Hood Volcano.  Here’s a graphic to show you the relevant details:

All along the Cascadia Subduction Zone are volcanoes.  Most of them are inactive, but some are quite active.  Here is a map of the volcanoes in the Cascade Mountains Range, so you have an understanding of the pressure relief valves (volcanoes) created over millions of years by these two tectonic plates scraping together.  Mount Hood is to the right (east of) Portland, Oregon . . .

There is a magma tunnel leading directly from the Cascadia Subduction Zone straight up into Mount Hood!  As the Juan de Fuca tectonic plate is being crushed (right now) it is melting into magma (lava).  Whether or not there is enough magma to cause Mount Hood to erupt is unknown.

There has merely been an “event” in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Oregon in the Cascadia Subduction Zone.  This is a very rare occurrence with serious implications.  It is worthy of very close monitoring by persons in the potentially-affected areas.  This event is a potential warning of a POSSIBLE pending large earthquake on the west coast.  There could also be an eruption at Mount Hood.

Folks in Washington, Oregon and northern California as well as in Vancouver, British Columbia, CANADA, should make certain they are prepared to take emergency action in the event a major quake does strike.


UPDATE:PREPARE TO “BUG OUT” IN ONE AFTERNOON. LEARN SHTF. HOW TO BUG OUT. WHAT IS BUG OUT? HOW TO PREP!


Full Historic Background and Detailed Explanation – Scary Stuff

Most people in the United States know just one fault line by name: the San Andreas, which runs nearly the length of California and is perpetually rumored to be on the verge of unleashing “the big one.” That rumor is misleading, no matter what the San Andreas ever does. Every fault line has an upper limit to its potency, determined by its length and width, and by how far it can slip. For the San Andreas, one of the most extensively studied and best understood fault lines in the world, that upper limit is roughly an 8.2—a powerful earthquake, but, because the Richter scale is logarithmic, only six per cent as strong as the 2011 event in Japan.

Just north of the San Andreas, however, lies another fault line. Known as the Cascadia subduction zone, it runs for seven hundred miles off the coast of the Pacific Northwest, beginning near Cape Mendocino, California, continuing along Oregon and Washington, and terminating around Vancouver Island, Canada. The “Cascadia” part of its name comes from the Cascade Range, a chain of volcanic mountains that follow the same course a hundred or so miles inland. The “subduction zone” part refers to a region of the planet where one tectonic plate is sliding underneath (subducting) another. Tectonic plates are those slabs of mantle and crust that, in their epochs-long drift, rearrange the earth’s continents and oceans. Most of the time, their movement is slow, harmless, and all but undetectable. Occasionally, at the borders where they meet, it is not.

MEGATHRUST EQ Cascadia Subduction ZoneBE PREPARED for Destruction

Take your hands and hold them palms down, middle fingertips touching. Your right hand represents the North American tectonic plate, which bears on its back, among other things, our entire continent, from One World Trade Center to the Space Needle, in Seattle. Your left hand represents an oceanic plate called Juan de Fuca, ninety thousand square miles in size.

The place where they meet is the Cascadia subduction zone. Now slide your left hand under your right one. That is what the Juan de Fuca plate is doing: slipping steadily beneath North America. When you try it, your right hand will slide up your left arm, as if you were pushing up your sleeve. That is what North America is not doing. It is stuck, wedged tight against the surface of the other plate.

Without moving your hands, curl your right knuckles up, so that they point toward the ceiling. Under pressure from Juan de Fuca, the stuck edge of North America is bulging upward and compressing eastward, at the rate of, respectively, three to four millimeters and thirty to forty millimeters a year. It can do so for quite some time, because, as continent stuff goes, it is young, made of rock that is still relatively elastic. (Rocks, like us, get stiffer as they age.) But it cannot do so indefinitely.

There is a backstop—the craton, that ancient unbudgeable mass at the center of the continent—and, sooner or later, North America will rebound like a spring. If, on that occasion, only the southern part of the Cascadia subduction zone gives way—your first two fingers, say—the magnitude of the resulting quake will be somewhere between 8.0 and 8.6.Thats the big one. If the entire zone gives way at once, an event that seismologists call a full-margin rupture, the magnitude will be somewhere between 8.7 and 9.2. That’s the very big one.

WARNING : Scientists Predict 2018 Will be a Bad Year of Earthquakes. Here’s Why/warning-scientists-predict-2018-will-bad-year-earthquakes-heres/

Posted by NewsPrepper on Thursday, April 20, 2017

Flick your right fingers outward, forcefully, so that your hand flattens back down again. When the next very big earthquake hits, the northwest edge of the continent, from California to Canada and the continental shelf to the Cascades, will drop by as much as six feet and rebound thirty to a hundred feet to the west—losing, within minutes, all the elevation and compression it has gained over centuries.

Some of that shift will take place beneath the ocean, displacing a colossal quantity of seawater. (Watch what your fingertips do when you flatten your hand.) The water will surge upward into a huge hill, then promptly collapse.

One side will rush west, toward Japan. The other side will rush east, in a seven-hundred-mile liquid wall that will reach the Northwest coast, on average, fifteen minutes after the earthquake begins. By the time the shaking has ceased and the tsunami has receded, the region will be unrecognizable. Kenneth Murphy, who directs FEMA’s Region X, the division responsible for Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Alaska, says,

 “Our operating assumption is that everything west of Interstate 5 will be toast.”

In the Pacific Northwest, the area of impact will cover some hundred and forty thousand square miles, including Seattle, Tacoma, Portland, Eugene, Salem (the capital city of Oregon), Olympia (the capital of Washington), and some seven million people. When the next full-margin rupture happens, that region will suffer the worst natural disaster in the history of North America. Roughly three thousand people died in San Francisco’s 1906 earthquake. Almost two thousand died in Hurricane Katrina. Almost three hundred died in Hurricane Sandy.

FEMA projects that nearly thirteen thousand people will die in the Cascadia earthquake and tsunami. Another twenty-seven thousand will be injured, and the agency expects that it will need to provide shelter for a million displaced people, and food and water for another two and a half million. “This is one time that I’m hoping all the science is wrong, and it won’t happen for another thousand years,” Murphy says.

In fact, the science is robust, and one of the chief scientists behind it is Chris Goldfinger. Thanks to work done by him and his colleagues, we now know that the odds of the big Cascadia earthquake happening in the next fifty years are roughly one in three. The odds of the very big one are roughly one in ten. Even those numbers do not fully reflect the danger—or, more to the point, how unprepared the Pacific Northwest is to face it. The truly worrisome figures in this story are these: Thirty years ago, no one knew that the Cascadia subduction zone had ever produced a major earthquake. Forty-five years ago, no one even knew it existed.

In May of 1804, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, together with their Corps of Discovery, set off from St. Louis on America’s first official cross-country expedition. Eighteen months later, they reached the Pacific Ocean and made camp near the present-day town of Astoria, Oregon. The United States was, at the time, twenty-nine years old. Canada was not yet a country. The continent’s far expanses were so unknown to its white explorers that Thomas Jefferson, who commissioned the journey, thought that the men would come across woolly mammoths.

Native Americans had lived in the Northwest for millennia, but they had no written language, and the many things to which the arriving Europeans subjected them did not include seismological inquiries. The newcomers took the land they encountered at face value, and at face value it was a find: vast, cheap, temperate, fertile, and, to all appearances, remarkably benign.

A century and a half elapsed before anyone had any inkling that the Pacific Northwest was not a quiet place but a place in a long period of quiet. It took another fifty years to uncover and interpret the region’s seismic history. Geology, as even geologists will tell you, is not normally the sexiest of disciplines; it hunkers down with earthly stuff while the glory accrues to the human and the cosmic—to genetics, neuroscience, physics. But, sooner or later, every field has its field day, and the discovery of the Cascadia subduction zone stands as one of the greatest scientific detective stories of our time.

The first clue came from geography. Almost all of the world’s most powerful earthquakes occur in the Ring of Fire, the volcanically and seismically volatile swath of the Pacific that runs from New Zealand up through Indonesia and Japan, across the ocean to Alaska, and down the west coast of the Americas to Chile.

Japan, 2011, magnitude 9.0; Indonesia, 2004, magnitude 9.1; Alaska, 1964, magnitude 9.2; Chile, 1960, magnitude 9.5—not until the late nineteen-sixties, with the rise of the theory of plate tectonics, could geologists explain this pattern. The Ring of Fire, it turns out, is really a ring of subduction zones. 

Nearly all the earthquakes in the region are caused by continental plates getting stuck on oceanic plates—as North America is stuck on Juan de Fuca—and then getting abruptly unstuck. And nearly all the volcanoes are caused by the oceanic plates sliding deep beneath the continental ones, eventually reaching temperatures and pressures so extreme that they melt the rock above them.

The first sign that the Cascadia earthquake has begun will be a compressional wave, radiating outward from the fault line. Compressional waves are fast-moving, high-frequency waves, audible to dogs and certain other animals but experienced by humans only as a sudden jolt.They are not very harmful, but they are potentially very useful, since they travel fast enough to be detected by sensors thirty to ninety seconds ahead of other seismic waves.

That is enough time for earthquake early-warning systems, such as those in use throughout Japan, to automatically perform a variety of lifesaving functions: shutting down railways and power plants, opening elevators and firehouse doors, alerting hospitals to halt surgeries, and triggering alarms so that the general public can take cover. The Pacific Northwest has no early-warning system.

When the Cascadia earthquake begins, there will be, instead, a cacophony of barking dogs and a long, suspended, what-was-that moment before the surface waves arrive. Surface waves are slower, lower-frequency waves that move the ground both up and down and side to side: the shaking, starting in earnest.

Soon after that shaking begins, the electrical grid will fail, likely everywhere west of the Cascades and possibly well beyond. If it happens at night, the ensuing catastrophe will unfold in darkness. In theory, those who are at home when it hits should be safest; it is easy and relatively inexpensive to seismically safeguard a private dwelling. But, lulled into nonchalance by their seemingly benign environment, most people in the Pacific Northwest have not done so. That nonchalance will shatter instantly.


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So will everything made of glass. Anything indoors and unsecured will lurch across the floor or come crashing down: bookshelves, lamps, computers, cannisters of flour in the pantry. Refrigerators will walk out of kitchens, unplugging themselves and toppling over. Water heaters will fall and smash interior gas lines. Houses that are not bolted to their foundations will slide off—or, rather, they will stay put, obeying inertia, while the foundations, together with the rest of the Northwest, jolt westward. Unmoored on the undulating ground, the homes will begin to collapse.

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Across the region, other, larger structures will also start to fail. Until 1974, the state of Oregon had no seismic code, and few places in the Pacific Northwest had one appropriate to a magnitude-9.0 earthquake until 1994. The vast majority of buildings in the region were constructed before then. Ian Madin, who directs the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI), estimates that seventy-five per cent of all structures in the state are not designed to withstand a major Cascadia quake.

FEMA calculates that, across the region, something on the order of a million buildings—more than three thousand of them schools—will collapse or be compromised in the earthquake. So will half of all highway bridges, fifteen of the seventeen bridges spanning Portland’s two rivers, and two-thirds of railways and airports; also, one-third of all fire stations, half of all police stations, and two-thirds of all hospitals.

Among natural disasters, tsunamis may be the closest to being completely unsurvivable. The only likely way to outlive one is not to be there when it happens: to steer clear of the vulnerable area in the first place, or get yourself to high ground as fast as possible. For the seventy-one thousand people who live in Cascadia’s inundation zone, that will mean evacuating in the narrow window after one disaster ends and before another begins. They will be notified to do so only by the earthquake itself—“a vibrate-alert system,” Kevin Cupples, the city planner for the town of Seaside, Oregon, jokes—and they are urged to leave on foot, since the earthquake will render roads impassable.

Depending on location, they will have between ten and thirty minutes to get out. That time line does not allow for finding a flashlight, tending to an earthquake injury, hesitating amid the ruins of a home, searching for loved ones, or being a Good Samaritan. “When that tsunami is coming, you run,” Jay Wilson, the chair of the Oregon Seismic Safety Policy Advisory Commission (OSSPAC), says.

The time to save people from a tsunami is before it happens, but the region has not yet taken serious steps toward doing so. Hotels and businesses are not required to post evacuation routes or to provide employees with evacuation training. In Oregon, it has been illegal since 1995 to build hospitals, schools, firehouses, and police stations in the inundation zone, but those which are already in it can stay, and any other new construction is permissible: energy facilities, hotels, retirement homes. In those cases, builders are required only to consult withDOGAMIabout evacuation plans. “So you come in and sit down,” Ian Madin says. “And I say, ‘That’s a stupid idea.’ And you say, ‘Thanks. Now we’ve consulted.’ ”

These lax safety policies guarantee that many people inside the inundation zone will not get out. Twenty-two per cent of Oregon’s coastal population is sixty-five or older. Twenty-nine per cent of the state’s population is disabled, and that figure rises in many coastal counties. “We can’t save them,” Kevin Cupples says. “I’m not going to sugarcoat it and say, ‘Oh, yeah, we’ll go around and check on the elderly.’ No. We won’t.” Nor will anyone save the tourists. Washington State Park properties within the inundation zone see an average of seventeen thousand and twenty-nine guests a day. Madin estimates that up to a hundred and fifty thousand people visit Oregon’s beaches on summer weekends. “Most of them won’t have a clue as to how to evacuate,” he says. “And the beaches are the hardest place to evacuate from.”

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Those who cannot get out of the inundation zone under their own power will quickly be overtaken by a greater one. A grown man is knocked over by ankle-deep water moving at 6.7 miles an hour. The tsunami will be moving more than twice that fast when it arrives. Its height will vary with the contours of the coast, from twenty feet to more than a hundred feet.

 It will not look like a Hokusai-style wave, rising up from the surface of the sea and breaking from above.It will look like the whole ocean, elevated, overtaking land. Nor will it be made only of water—not once it reaches the shore. It will be a five-story deluge of pickup trucks and doorframes and cinder blocks and fishing boats and utility poles and everything else that once constituted the coastal towns of the Pacific Northwest.

Wineglasses, antique vases, Humpty Dumpty, hip bones, hearts: what breaks quickly generally mends slowly, if at all. OSSPAC estimates that in the I-5 corridor it will take between one and three months after the earthquake to restore electricity, a month to a year to restore drinking water and sewer service, six months to a year to restore major highways, and eighteen months to restore health-care facilities. On the coast, those numbers go up. Whoever chooses or has no choice but to stay there will spend three to six months without electricity, one to three years without drinking water and sewage systems, and three or more years without hospitals. Those estimates do not apply to the tsunami-inundation zone, which will remain all but uninhabitable for years.

How much all this will cost is anyone’s guess; FEMA puts every number on its relief-and-recovery plan except a price. But whatever the ultimate figure—and even though U.S. taxpayers will cover seventy-five to a hundred per cent of the damage, as happens in declared disastersthe economy of the Pacific Northwest will collapse. 

Crippled by a lack of basic services, businesses will fail or move away. Many residents will flee as well. OSSPACpredicts a mass-displacement event and a long-term population downturn. Chris Goldfinger didn’t want to be there when it happened. But, by many metrics, it will be as bad or worse to be there afterward.

There you have it.  This is serious stuff.  What took place today in the Cascadia Subduction Zone must be paid attention to.

 Your life may literally depend on it.


We also know that the U.S. government and large corporations are so concerned about the potential for a major New Madrid earthquake that they have held major exercises that simulate one. Scientists tell us that it is just a matter of time until another superquake hits the region, and personally I am one of the millions of Americans that believe that we will eventually see a New Madrid earthquake that will divide the United States in half. That is one of the reasons why I included a New Madrid earthquake in my novel.

But others are skeptical. They point out that we have not seen a truly devastating earthquake in that region for more than 200 years.

So why be concerned about one now?

The real question that you have to ask yourself is: would you be prepared?

The second most important question is: are you prepared right now to survive such a catastrophe?

Let’s take a look at this video and find out!

This “End of the World” disaster will change our planet forever.How is the World Going to End?10 of the Population’s Biggest Fears on How the World is Going to End are:/evacuate-earth-now-last-day-earth-world-ends-ready-judgment-day/

Posted by Medeea A. Greere on Monday, May 1, 2017


MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WARNING:US WEST COAST EARTHQUAKE WARNING AS CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE SURGES Full Article HERE:https://amg-news.com/major-earthquake-warningus-west-coast-earthquake-warning-as-cascadia-subduction-zone-surges/

MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WARNING:US WEST COAST EARTHQUAKE WARNING AS CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE SURGESFull Article HERE:https://amg-news.com/major-earthquake-warningus-west-coast-earthquake-warning-as-cascadia-subduction-zone-surges/

Posted by NewsPrepper on Sunday, April 9, 2017


For more information,updates and useful links,please visit our website : 

 

IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Yellowstone Volcano Earthquake Swarm Inside Upper Magma Chamber! Yellowstone Earthquake Swarm, ‘Ring of Fire’ Quake-Cluster Prompts Warning

IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Yellowstone Volcano Earthquake Swarm Inside Upper Magma Chamber! Yellowstone Earthquake Swarm, ‘Ring of Fire’ Quake-Cluster Prompts Warning

  • Is the Yellowstone super volcano close to erupting? Scientists detect more than 200 earthquakes in just 10 DAYS after warning that magma below the surface is showing signs of strain.
  • Latest swarm began Feb 8, about 8mi northeast of West Yellowstone, Montana.
    As of February 18, the scientists say they’ve detected more than 200 quakes.
    Still, experts say the activity is ‘relatively weak,’ and alert level remains normal.

A new swarm of earthquakes has cropped up at the Yellowstone super volcano, with more than 200 small temblors detected in the last 10 days alone.

According to experts with the US Geological Survey, the latest swarm began on February 8 in a region roughly eight miles northeast of West Yellowstone, Montana – and, it’s increased dramatically in the days since.

But for now, scientists say there’s no reason to worry.

The earthquakes, too, serve as a reminder of an under-appreciated hazard at Yellowstone—that of strong earthquakes, which are the most likely event to cause damage in the region on the timescales of human lives. As recently as 1975 there was a M6.5 event in the area of Norris Geyser Basin.

While the earthquakes are likely caused by a combination of processes beneath the surface, the current activity is said to be ‘relatively weak,’ and the alert level at the super volcano remains at ‘normal.’

According to the USGS, the new swarm is occurring in about the same location as the Maple Creek swarm last summer, which brought roughly 2,400 earthquakes in a four-month span.

The University of Utah Seismograph Stations picked up the first quakes just over a week ago, counting more than 200 as of February 18.

But, the experts say there are likely many more that have gone undetected.

‘The present swarm started on February 8, with a few events occurring per day,’ according to USGS.

‘On February 15, seismicity rates and magnitudes increased markedly. As of the night of February 18, the largest earthquake in the swarm is M2.9, and none of the events have been felt. All are occurring about 8 km (5 mi) beneath the surface.’

Yellowstone is home to several faults and has a long history of seismic activity.

As natural processes occur beneath the surface and ‘stress effects’ from past events continue to maintain their hold, the area remains a ‘hotbed of seismicity and swarm activity,’ according to USGS.

On right, a map of Yellowstone earthquakes from 1973 – 2017 is shown, with red circles illustrating all of the quakes. Blue shows quakes that were part of swarms. The current swarm is shown on the left (red circles), compared to the location of last summer’s swarm (gray)

‘Swarms reflect changes in stress along small faults beneath the surface, and generally are caused by two processes: large-scale tectonic forces, and pressure changes beneath the surface due to accumulation and/or withdrawal of fluids (magma, water, and/or gas),’ USGS explains.

According to experts with the US Geological Survey, the latest swarm began on February 8 in a region roughly eight miles northeast of West Yellowstone, Montana – and, it’s increased dramatically in the days since
‘The area of the current swarm is subject to both processes.’

The current activity, however, is likely no cause for worry.

As the experts explain, earthquake swarms are a common phenomenon at Yellowstone, and account for more than 50 percent of seismic activity at the park.

RECOMMENDED:A SUPRISE FROM THE SUPER VOLCANO UNDER YELLOWSTONE-YELLOWSTONE SUPERVOLCANO MAY BLOW FASTER THAN THOUGHT

EVACUATION PLAN FOR WYOMING – THE WHOLE STATE!

In 2007, the state of Wyoming adopted a plan to evacuate the ENTIRE state.  Everyone!  That plan, available HERE 

Based upon the Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan, very few hazards exist statewide which would result in the evacuation of the entire state. The catastrophic explosion of Yellowstone National Park would necessitate the evacuation not only of Wyoming but of the Western United States . . .

Unfortunately, when it comes to predicting the timing of an eruption, geologists are left with a large gap in prediction. There are telltale signs of an eruption that is about to occur, say in the next few months to years. This includes increased earthquake activity, bulging of the ground surface, increased emission of volcanic gasses, etc.

On the other hand, geologists can use the average span of time between recent eruptions as a very crude gauge of eruption timing. Hence, geologists can likely detect an imminent eruption, but beyond that, for Yellowstone, the next best guess is every 600,000 to 800,000 years. Uncomfortably so, we lie within that range right now, however, it is just as likely that the next eruption occurs in 100,000 years.

Given that the next eruption could be 100,000 years from now or 50 years from now, or next week, the ability of humans to react and mitigate the next eruption varies greatly. If the eruption were to occur 50 years from now, we can do little but wait and prepare ourselves. Perhaps widespread evacuation orders from western and central United States to the East coast. However, logistically that would prove to be incredibly difficult and does not help property damage.

I am endeavoring to reach experts at the US Geological Survey to make official comment about this.  When I do, I will update this story with their remarks.


UPDATE  : How You Protect Yourself When a Quake Hits Might Be All Wrong -How to Prepare Your Home for Natural Disasters


In the meantime, beware. What is taking place at Yellowstone is not normal.

Emergency Food Supplies

COULD AN ERUPTION AT THE YELLOWSTONE SUPERVOLCANO BE PREVENTED?

Even besides the potential devastating risks, the plan to cool Yellowstone with drilling is not simple.

Doing so would be an excruciatingly slow process that one happens at the rate of one meter a year, meaning it would take tens of thousands of years to cool it completely.

And still, there wouldn’t be a guarantee it would be successful for at least hundreds or possibly thousands of years.

And in the past, they have not been linked to volcanic activity.

‘While it may seem worrisome, the current seismicity is relatively weak and represents an opportunity to learn more about Yellowstone,’ USGS explains.

‘It is during periods of change when scientists can develop, test, and refine their models of how the Yellowstone volcanic system works.’

But, the experts also note: ‘The earthquakes, too, serve as a reminder of an underappreciated hazard at Yellowstone – that of strong earthquakes, which are the most likely event to cause damage in the region on the timescales of human lives.’


Credit : Mary Greeley News

CIA & NSA CAN TARGET ANYONE, ANYWHERE, ANYTIME ON EARTH WITH MIND CONTROL TECHNOLOGY USING EITHER SATELLITES OR A LAND BASED FIXED PHASED ARRAY OF SCALAR WAVE TOWERS IN USA

CIA & NSA CAN TARGET ANYONE, ANYWHERE, ANYTIME ON EARTH WITH MIND CONTROL TECHNOLOGY USING EITHER SATELLITES OR A LAND BASED FIXED PHASED ARRAY OF SCALAR WAVE TOWERS IN USA

The Dark Side Truth About CIA , NSA , Darpa Mind Control Assassin Programs

CIA and NSA Operatives Targeting Brain of Monarch Program Victims of Mind Control Victims Day and Night, but Primarily in their Sleep When They Are Most Vulnerable.

Each human being has a unique brain wave pattern that is one of a kind, just like you have a unique set of fingerprints. That brain wave pattern is known as your ‘Specific Residence Frequency’ which no one else in the world has like yours. It is truly unique a one of a kind brain unique brain wave signal.

The CIA and NSA DARPA handlers are able to lock on to that brain wave signal after they have moved close to you and en-trained your brain to their remote neural monitoring system and download your specific brainwave frequency brain wave pattern into their computer which the CIA and NSA handlers, and there are usually four to six handlers in number because they operate in shifts, have for life, which the CIA NSA handlers can then mimic, to induce all kinds of thought, emotions, cognitive abilities, physical sensations, etc.

This is because the human body is a ‘VIBRATORY ORGANISM and an ‘ELECTROMAGNETIC ORGANISM’ and as such each organ of the body ‘VIBRATES’ AT A different frequency of ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY!

By varying the FREQUENCY and INTENSITY of each beam of electromagnetic energy, the CIA and NSA operatives can manipulate each region and organ of the human anatomy.

Then the NSA CIA handlers use that specific brain wave frequency of the targeted individual to target you and manipulate your mind with mind control technology. This is a simplified way to explain how REMOTE NEURAL MONITORING MIND CONTROL TECHNOLOGY works in real time.

They also secretly ‘chip’ the targeted individual or his property with tracking implants they can monitor by satellite any where in the world. They use those tracking implants to hone in on your physical location to wherever you are and once you are in a relatively stationary position the targeted individual becomes susceptible to the directed energy.

The CIA NSA handlers can then hetero dynamically lock on to your unique one of a kind brain wave pattern frequency and manipulate your mind for the purposes of mind control, and to inflict pain and trauma on the targeted individuals body that pothers who in the vicinity of the stream of directed energy don’t feel or notice.

The mind of the brain entrained targeted individual picks up the frequency of directed energy but the others around the targeted individual don’t pick it up because that frequency of directed energy is specifically tuned to the unique brain wave a pattern of the targeted individual.

EXCLUSIVE-We love the apocalypse as long as nobody acknowledges the truth: It’s not a mythical event. We live on top of one.

As such, only the targeted individual with that ‘Specific Residence Frequency’ of brain waves absorbs the energy or feels it effects such as severe pain to the brain and central nervous system. Because the brain controls the central nervous system, only that person’s central nervous system, with that specific brain wave pattern frequency, will have their central nervous system manipulated. The others around you will not feel or notice the effects because their brain wave patterns don’t operate along the same frequency.

This is how the CIA NSA operatives are able to target the Monarch Victim in a crowd of people, as that crowd of people don’t absorb the energy or feel its effects. Only the victim absorbs the energy or feels it effects.

Once they have that specific frequency they can target you from great distances with mind control technology.

However, because ‘VERIFICATION’ is necessary they need to be close to you or to have hidden cameras up or boots on the ground to monitor you and make sure the technology is working.

Without VERIFICATION thee is no way the NSA CIA handlers can determine the mind control technology is working or not, meaning they cant tell if they need to vary the routine or not, such as altering the intensity or frequency of the electromagnetic energy. They have to either have cameras, many of which are hidden, or boots on the ground to inform them you did this or said that after the, say, IMPULSE INJECTION was triggered.

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So, then, they continuously trigger the thoughts and desires in your mind using electromagnetic streams of energy that you need to go to the refrigerator and drink some chocolate milk, and you keep having the impulse and desire to do this, but if they cannot see you actually do it. meaning go to the refrigerator and drink the chocolate milk, then there is no way to confirm the technology is working properly.

For example, you might have the strong desire to drink the chocolate milk but instead choose orange juice, meaning the mind control technology failed on that occasion and they need to make adjustments. So they constantly keep you surrounded by perp’s at all times to ensure the technology is working and that you don’t defeat their remote neural monitoring system.CIA NSA handlers achieve this by engaging in a SMEAR CAMPAIGN OF CHARACTER ASSASSINATION AND SLANDER BASED ON LIES AND HALF TRUTHS to turn people against you so that they think they are watching you for other reasons when in fancy they are just puppets of the CIA NSA operatives who have fooled them into doing thework for them.

For the CIA and NSA handlers not to use VERIFICATION techniques would still not prohibit them from targeting you with the technology, but it would be the equivalent of targeting a moon five galaxies away with a particle beam weapon, meaning they could fire away but would have no idea whether they hit their target or not because they would have no way to confirm it.

 

CIA NSA OPERATIVES USING SCALAR WAVE WEAPONS SYSTEM

Remember, they are using Scalar Waves as well, which are multi-directional, out of phase, speed of light, longitudinal, electromagnetic waves of energy.

Once fired, scalar waves travel and exist on both sides of the world north-south-east-west at the same time because they are being fired continuously each second by land based fixed phased arrays of towers, and often by satellite as well. These towers are like the HAARP tower in Alaska, but actually the US Government has two more that we know of, one of which is located at Los Alomos laboratories and the other of which is located near the coast of Maine, in the American northeast. The one near Maine is much smaller than the others and is disguised to look like a building.

They are all three used for these purposes, and fire scalar waves continuously each second, so that scalar waves exist continuously on both sides of the world each second of every day, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Non stop.

The CIA and NSA handlers simply harvest and redirect that scalar wave enrgy that already exists in the atmosphere and redirect it at the targeted individual using the targets specific residence brain wave frequency as the targeting device and sequence.

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In other words, you could literally be standing in Antarctica, and the CIA could target you with this technology from land based fixed phased array towers that exist in Alaska.

Again, Scalar Waves are speed of light out of phase LONGITUDINAL waves of electromagnetic energy and exist both places at same time, so they can use a terrestrial grid -fired from a land base fixed phased array – or an extra-terrestrial – fired from satellite – to target you no matter where you are in the world.

Only those targeted individuals who have that ‘specific residence frequency’ will absorb the energy or feel its effects. Others, it will pass right through them and they will not know it. This is how they are able to target you in crowded spaces.

CIA NSA handlers also engage in disruption tactics to destroy the credibility of the targeted individual. They have a daily PROTOCOL and daily CONTINGENCY PLAN in place to daily destroy the credibility of the targeted individual on a DAILY BASIS. If the targeted individual does THIS then CIA and NSA handlers will do THAT and if targeted individual does THAT then CIA and NSA handlers will do THIS. They have a daily PROTOCOL in place and wage a continuous DAILY campaign to destroy the credibility of the targeted individual every single DAY!.

For example I checked over an hour later to see if an earlier post made at the HOTEL CASA CONSULADO on June 24 2015 1700 hrs was actually posted to facebook meaning to see if they was any disruption or not even though I know for a fact I posted it which and it was not posted to facebook which are tactics designed to force the targeted individual to complain because if he doesn’t complain and document the complaint the tactics wil never stop, meaning the targeted individual is caught in a CATCH 22!

If he does complain and document the complaint the CIA and NSA handlers will make his complaints appear frivolous and if he doesn’t complain and document the complaint thetactics will never stop. CATCH 22! Meanwhile, the internet activity is continuously manipulated in a way so that if people go back and look at he internet activity that was disrupted it appears that nothing bad occurred.

THEY HAVE DONE THIS REPEATEDLY TO ME. AS SOON AS I GO TO SLEEP THEY START TARGETING MY BRAIN WITH STREAMS OF DIRECTED ENERGY KNOWN AS BETA PROGRAMMING THROUGH MICROWAVES SCALAR WAVES TO SLOWLY DESTROY MY BRAIN SO THAT I APPEAR MENTALLY ILL RATHER THAN MENTALLY INJURED WHILE AT THE SAME TIME TURNING ME INTO THEIR MONARCH MIND CONTROL SLAVE JUNE 25 2013 hrs Hamacas Hostal Granada Nicaragua.

For example, I am now forced and compelled to repeat my words and thoughts continuously, which I do not wish to do but have no choice because they have programmed my brain to do it on a continual basis every day. By programming the mind of the targeted individual to think in words rather than images the CIA NSA handlers are able to understand and read via remote neural monitoring the targeted individual thoughts more clearly.

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SEVERE PAIN TO HEART AND CHEST RIGHT NOW AS I TYPE THIS ARTICLE AND POST IT ON FACEBOOK. THE CIA NSA HANDLERS INFLICT PAIN AND TRAUMA ON THE TARGETED INDIVIDUALS BODY UNDER SUCH CIRCUMSTANCES SO THE TARGETED INDIVIDUAL WILL MAKE MISTAKES AND AS PUNISHMENT FOR BEING A DISOBEDIENT MONARCH VICTIM.

TARGETED INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE TARGETED WITH THIS TECHNOLOGY MUST FIGHT IT AT ALL COSTS BECAUSE IF THEY SUBMIT THEY WILL LOSE THEIR ETERNAL SOUL.

THIS IS WHY THE CIA NSA DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SCIENTIST, TURNED WHISTLE BLOWER, WHO HELPED INVENT AND DEVELOP THE TECHNOLOGY, CALLED IT, IN HIS BOOK, ‘PROJECT SOUL CATCHER’! 

‘ANY DAY NOW’ -FEMA PREPS 9.0 MAGNITUDE EARTHQUAKE ALONG THE CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE – 13,000 DEATHS IN WAKE OF PACIFIC MEGAQUAKE

‘ANY DAY NOW’ -FEMA PREPS 9.0 MAGNITUDE EARTHQUAKE ALONG THE CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE – 13,000 DEATHS IN WAKE OF PACIFIC MEGAQUAKE

Juan de Fuca tectonic plate rupture. What will happen WHEN – not If – When a massive earthquake and tsunami strike the West Coast of the United States? Experts say it could easily match the catastrophic 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in scale and might.

A 700-mile stretch of coast, from northern California to southern British Columbia lies just off the extremely volatile Cascadia Subduction Zone.

Not only have portable disaster morgues been shipped to four states in what appears to be preparation for a Large Earthquake in the New Madrid Seismic zone.

Now FEMA is also preparing for an Imminent large 8.0 to 9.2 Magnitude Earthquake in the already locked and overdue Cascadia Subduction Zone.

Even SWAT Teams are Helpless Against This… 

A new report predicts that a mega-earthquake could kill an estimated 13,000 people and destroy a sizable portion of the Pacific Northwest.

Even more disturbing? It’s overdue.

FEMA calculations show these types of earthquakes happen at regular intervals in this specific part of the world, roughly every 240 years.

The last one was more than 300 years ago, in 1700, when a quake there sent a 600-foot wave of water all the way to Japan.

Kaku said Hollywood has “brainwashed” people into thinking that California is where the next massive earthquake will hit.

He added that before the mega-quake actually hits, there is a compression wave that is detected by animals.

“Animals start to act very strange. We’ve seen that happen before earthquakes,” Kaku said. “And then, a minute, two minutes later, boom!”

The massive quake, with a magnitude of up to 9.2, would last about four minutes, according to seismologists, with a wall of water following about 15 minutes later.

RECOMMENDED : What You Do In The Next 5 Seconds Will Determine If You And Your Family Survive Or Die…?

Kaku said he’s concerned that many of the 70,000 residents in the potential “inundation zone” have very little knowledge about this risk.

“It barely rates on the radar screen,” he said.

Shep asked Kaku whether he would live in the Pacific Northwest if he had children.

“I’d think twice,” he said, advising residents to educate their children on emergency preparedness and what to do in case of an earthquake.

FEMA warns California! Get off the coast! M9 or greater is Imminent! Earth crustal shift, Cascadia Subduction Zone about to slip!

Even the New Madrid has tripled in earthquake swarms! Prepare Now!!

Test will simulate a 9.0 magnitude quake along the Cascadia Subduction Zone, followed by a tsunami. 

A massive earthquake and tsunami is said to occur every 400-600 years, and is now overdue in the region .

Scientists also detailed plans on how to combat threat at Seismological Society of America meeting in April.

They said new technologies such as camera-bearing drones could send video messages of incoming waves.

The threat of a massive earthquake and tsunami have been looming over the Pacific Northwest for decades.

Now, experts are taking it seriously. This summer the Federal Emergency Management Administration (Fema) is conducting a large-scale drill to see if it’s ready for worst.

The test will simulate a 9.0 magnitude quake along the Cascadia Subduction Zone, followed by a tsunami that could create waves more than 50ft-high.

MEGATHRUST EQ Cascadia Subduction Zone-BE PREPARED for Destruction

THE THREAT OF ‘THE BIG ONE’ 

Experts say an event of this kind occurs roughly every 400-600 years, and the area is now overdue for a similar quake that could leave thousands dead or displaced.

Worst-case scenarios show that more than 1,000 bridges in Oregon and Washington state could either collapse or be so damaged that they are unusable.

The main coastal highway, US Route 101, will suffer heavy damage from the shaking and from the tsunami.

Traffic on Interstate 5 — one of the most important thoroughfares in the nation — will likely have to be rerouted because of large cracks in the pavement.

Seattle, Portland and other urban areas could suffer considerable damage, such as the collapse of structures built before codes were updated to take into account a mega-quake.

Tipping Point: Is Your Home Ready For An Earthquake ?How To Improve The Safety Of Your Home.

Researchers say such an event of this kind occurs roughly every 400-600 years, and the area is overdue a similar quake that could leave thousands dead or displaced.

The last time the region faced a ‘Big One’ was in 1906 when San Andres unleashed an earthquake that killed roughly 3,000 people.

This summer’s drill, dubbed Cascadia Rising, will test to see how local and state emergency responders, Fema, and a number of military groups work together.

The simulation will run from June, and will use past events to help plan the future response.

In April, researchers speaking at the Seismological Society of America’s (SSA) Annual Meeting, in Reno, Nevada said plans for managing tsunami risk on the West Coast are still evolving.

Meanwhile, geologists are searching for evidence of past tsunamis in the region to help them refine their estimates of tsunami risk.

There is, for instance, the evidence for frequent and large earthquakes and tsunamis occurring within the past 2,000 years in parts of the Eastern Aleutian Islands.

There are signs that these earthquakes have spanned the boundary between the locked and creeping portions of the region’s megathrust fault.

Earthquakes in the area could cause significant tsunami effects across the Pacific, especially in Hawaii and California.

‘Despite the fact that we have learned a significant amount about the earthquake sources for tsunamis, there are gaps in our understanding of past tsunamis, especially prehistoric tsunamis,’ says Rick Wilson, a senior engineering geologist with the California Geological Survey.

‘If we can demonstrate when and where tsunamis occurred in the past, that information will give us a better understanding of the return periods in these areas, and that can go into the probabilistic analyses that help us understand our hazard and risk better.’

Wilson, who also serves as the science coordinator for the State of California Tsunami Preparedness and Hazard Mitigation Program, noted that more than 440,000 people have died worldwide since 1850 as a result of tsunamis.

A powerful earthquake thought to be as large as 9.2 magnitude ripped through the earth in 1700, along the 600 mile stretch of the Cascadia Subduction Zone, causing severe shaking and a massive tsunami. An animation from the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center plotted the path of the tsunami as it traveled from the US to Japan.

This “End of the World” disaster will change our planet forever.How is the World Going to End?10 of the Population’s Biggest Fears on How the World is Going to End are:/evacuate-earth-now-last-day-earth-world-ends-ready-judgment-day/

Posted by Medeea A. Greere on Monday, May 1, 2017

WHAT WILL CAUSE KILLER QUAKE?

The Cascadia Subduction Zone (CSZ) ‘megathrust’ fault is a 1,000km-long line that stretches from Northern Vancouver Island to Cape Mendocino California.

It separates the Juan de Fuca, a 700-mile chunk in the Pacific Ocean, and North America plates.

For more than 300 years, the two plates have been pushing against one another.

Eventually, the Juan de Fuca will be pushed underneath the North America plate, causing the region to sink at least six feet.

The San Andreas Fault in California, has a quieter, far more dangerous cousin that could make itself known at any moment. Running from Northern California to British Columbia, the Cascadia subduction zone can deliver a quake that’s many times stronger than San Andreas

The deadly tsunamis caused by the 2004 Sumatran earthquake and the 2011 Tohoku earthquake brought increased public attention to tsunami science, warning and preparation.

At the SSA meeting, Wilson will discuss how California officials used state tsunami response playbooks to respond to a tsunami advisory issued after the September 2015 magnitude 8.3 Illapel earthquake in Chile.

The playbooks were created after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, ‘when there was very little consistency between communities [in California] in what they did,’ Wilson says.

‘Some evacuated their entire zone, some just evacuated their beaches.’

The new playbooks offer a variety of action plans depending on the size of the tsunami from a distant source, Wilson says.

The future of tsunami response and preparedness might come from new technologies such as camera-bearing drones.

These could  send video messages of incoming waves to convince coastal dwellers to evacuate, says Masa Hayashi, a retired IBM engineer presenting at the SSA meeting.

And there’s also the remote possibility that the trigger for a tsunami might not come from an earthquake, but from an asteroid strike on Earth.

RECOMMENDEDMAJOR EARTHQUAKE WARNING:US WEST COAST EARTHQUAKE WARNING AS CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE SURGES

In an SSA talk, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researcher Souheil Ezzedine will share data from a study that models the effects of an asteroid-generated tsunami, on several coastline cities in the U.S., depending on the asteroid’s impact off the U.S. East Coast, the Gulf of Mexico, and into the Pacific Ocean near San Francisco.

Last month, scientists were finally able to trace the origins of the historic tsunami that struck the coasts of Japan just before midnight on January 27, 1700.

They linked it to a powerful seismic event in the Pacific Northwest of the United States, along the Cascadia Subduction Zone.

‘Cascadia can make an earthquake almost 30 times more energetic than the San Andreas to start with,’ Chris Goldfinger, a professor of geophysics at Oregon State University told CNN.

‘Then it generates a tsunami at the same time, which the side-by-side motion of the San Andreas can’t do’.

The Cascadia could deliver a huge 9.0-magnitude quake and the shaking could last anything from three to five minutes, scientists claim.

‘In this case, three minutes – and I’ve been in a 9 in Japan – three minutes is an eternity,’ said Goldfinger. ‘It is a very, very long time.’

Goldfinger says we’ll lose bridges, highway routes and that the coast will probably be entirely closed down.

As a result it would be difficult to get around, and rescue crews will be overwhelmed.

Federal, state and military officials have been working together to draft plans to be followed when the ‘Big One’ happens.

These contingency plans reflect deep anxiety about the potential gravity of the looming disaster: upward of 14,000 people dead in the worst-case scenarios, 30,000 injured,thousands left homeless and the region’s economy setback for yearsif not decades.

As a response, what planners envision is a deployment of civilian and military personnel and equipment that would eclipse the response to any natural disaster that has occurred thus far in the US.

There would be waves of cargo planes, helicopters and ships, as well as tens of thousands of soldiers, emergency officials, mortuary teams, police officers, firefighters, engineers, medical personnel and other specialists.

‘The response will be orders of magnitude larger than Hurricane Katrina or Super Storm Sandy,’ said Lt. Col. Clayton Braun of the Washington State Army National Guard.

ADVICE ON HOW TO SURVIVE A PACIFIC NORTHWEST EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI

This diagram show the areas where land will be most affected by the shocks, causing landslides or liquefaction.

Last year, scientists outlined their alarmingly unhelpful tips on how to survive the earthquake that will hit the Pacific Northwest.

The killer quake along Cascadia, a fault line which runs from Cape Mendocino, California, to Vancouver Island, Canada, is 72 years overdue, according to peer-reviewed studies.

The ‘Big One’ will hit when Juan de Fuca, a 700-mile chunk of the Pacific Ocean, slides under Canada and America, causing the entire coastal region to sink at least six feet.

When – not if – it arrives, it is unlikely the people of coastal Oregon, Washington and California will be able to escape.

But if they want to try, there are a few tips they should keep in mind.

Run, don’t drive, to higher ground, says Kevin Cupples, the city planner for the town of Seaside, Oregon, in an interview with the New Yorker.

The force of the quake will cause liquefaction, when solid ground acts like liquid, across vast swathes of the porous region.

In the areas that aren’t ‘liquefied’, the highways will likely be crumpled by landslides, with 30,000 avalanches set to hit Seattle alone.

Citizens will have a 20-minute interval to climb to the highest altitude possible before the full force of the tsunami hits, scientists predict.

Their alert will be when dogs start barking.

The first sign the quake is coming will be a set of compressional waves, only audible by dogs. Then there will be the quake, then 20 minutes later, the tsunami.

Geographers estimate that many could survive just by walking – however, they need to be going at least 3.5mph.

If everyone ups their average speed from 2.5mph to 3.5mph, the death toll drops to 15,970. About 70 per cent of them would be in Washington, nearly 30 per cent in Oregon and only 4 per cent in California.

And there is no point being a hero. ‘When that tsunami is coming, you run,’ Jay Wilson, the chair of the Oregon Seismic Safety Policy Advisory Commission, tells the New Yorker.

‘You protect yourself, you don’t turn around, you don’t go back to save anybody. You run for your life.’

The only other safety measure is to relocate away from the Pacific north west.

Oregon’s response plan is called the Cascadia Playbook, named after the threatening offshore fault — the Cascadia Subduction Zone.

The plan, unveiled last year, has been handed out to key officials so the state can respond quickly when disaster strikes.

‘That playbook is never more than 100 feet from where I am,’ said Andrew Phelps, director of the Oregon Office of Emergency Management.

A magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami that devastated parts of Japan in 2011 gave greater clarity to what the Pacific Northwest needs to do to improve its readiness for a similar catastrophe.

‘The Japanese quake and tsunami allowed light bulbs to go off for policymakers,’ Phelps said.

Much still needs to be done, and it is impossible to fully prepare for a catastrophe of this magnitude, but those responsible for drafting the evolving contingency plans believe they are making headway.

Worst-case scenarios show that more than 1,000 bridges in Oregon and Washington state could either collapse or be so damaged that they are unusable.

The real question that you have to ask yourself is: would you be prepared?The second most important question is: are you prepared right now to survive such a catastrophe? The 3 Pioneer Survival Lessons We Should All Learn!

The main coastal highway, US Route 101, will suffer heavy damage from the shaking and from the tsunami.

Traffic on Interstate 5 — one of the most important thoroughfares in the nation — will likely have to be rerouted because of large cracks in the pavement.

Seattle, Portland and other urban areas could suffer considerable damage, such as the collapse of structures built before codes were updated to take into account a mega-quake.

The last full rip of the Cascadia Subduction Zone happened in January 1700.

The exact date and destructive power was determined from buried forests along the Pacific Northwest coast and an ‘orphan tsunami’ that washed ashore in Japan.

Geologists digging in coastal marshes and offshore canyon bottoms have also found evidence of earlier great earthquakes and tsunamis.

The inferred timeline of those events gives a recurrence interval between Cascadia megaquakes of roughly every 400 to 600 years, reports the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network.

Earthquake Catastrophe Like Japan’s Could Hit Pacific Northwest

Earthquake Catastrophe Like Japan's Could Hit Any Day Now Pacific Northwest.Article HERE: /any-day-now-fema-preps-9-0-magnitude-earthquake-along-the-cascadia-subduction-zone-13000-deaths-in-wake-of-pacific-megaquake/

Posted by Patricia Irons on Monday, September 17, 2018


MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WARNING:US WEST COAST EARTHQUAKE WARNING AS CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE SURGES Full Article HERE:https://amg-news.com/major-earthquake-warningus-west-coast-earthquake-warning-as-cascadia-subduction-zone-surges/

MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WARNING:US WEST COAST EARTHQUAKE WARNING AS CASCADIA SUBDUCTION ZONE SURGESFull Article HERE:https://amg-news.com/major-earthquake-warningus-west-coast-earthquake-warning-as-cascadia-subduction-zone-surges/

Posted by NewsPrepper on Sunday, April 9, 2017

134 EARTHQUAKES RATTLE THE SAN ANDREAS FAULT IN JUST ONE WEEK-Is California about to be hit by the ‘Big One’?

134 EARTHQUAKES RATTLE THE SAN ANDREAS FAULT IN JUST ONE WEEK-Is California about to be hit by the ‘Big One’?

  • The earthquakes hammered a 3-mile stretch of the San Andreas fault
  • Seventeen were stronger than 2.5 magnitude and six were stronger than 3.0
  • It follows a string of ten tremors that struck Monterey County last week
  • The largest, a 4.6-magnitude quake, was felt in San Francisco 90 miles away

Fresh fears have been raised that a huge earthquake is about to hit California after a swarm of recent tremors.

In the last week 134 earthquakes have hammered a three-mile stretch around Monterey County on the San Andreas fault.

Of those earthquakes, 17 were stronger than 2.5 magnitude and six of them were stronger than 3.0, with more tremors expected in the coming weeks, experts warn.

It follows fears raised last week that the ‘Big One’ is about to hit after a series of ten ‘mini quakes’ struck the same area.

The swarm included one 4.6-magnitude quake that was felt in San Francisco more than 90 miles (145 km) away.

Scroll down for video


Since last week 134 earthquakes have hammered a three-mile stretch around Monterey County on the San Andreas fault which experts say is long overdue a ‘Big One’. Last week it suffered a 4.6-magnitude quake (pictured)

‘This one has been a quite productive aftershock sequence,’ said Ole Kaven, a US Geological Survey (USGS) seismologist.

‘We suspect there will be aftershocks in the 2 to 3 [magnitude] range for at least a few more weeks’, he said.

There have not been any reports of injuries, writes San Francisco news outlet SFGate.  

Last week’s swarm hit California’s Monterey County on Monday at 11:31am ET (4:31pm GMT) about 13 miles (20 km) northeast of Gonzales, near Salinas.

It dramatically increases the likelihood of a major quake in California, at least temporarily, experts claimed.

The initial 4.6-magnitude quake was followed by nine smaller aftershocks.

The largest of these measured magnitude 2.8, Annemarie Baltay, a seismologist with the US Geological Survey in Menlo Park, told SFGATE.

There were no reports of injuries or damage to buildings.

WHAT IS THE BIG ONE? 

The ‘Big One’ is a hypothetical earthquake of magnitude 8 or greater that is expected to happen along the San Andreas fault.

Such a quake is expected to produce devastation to human civilisation within about 50-100 miles (80-160km) of the quake zone, especially in urban areas like Palm Springs, Los Angeles and San Francisco.

Contingency plans warn upward of 14,000 people could die in worst-case scenarios, with 30,000 injured, thousands left homeless and the region’s economy setback for years, if not decades.

The quake happened at a depth of around 4 miles (6.5 km) on the infamous San Andreas Fault, close to a region where the Calaveras Fault branches off.

Experts have previously warned that any activity on the fault line is cause for concern.

‘Any time there is significant seismic activity in the vicinity of the San Andreas fault, we seismologists get nervous,’ Thomas Jordan, director of the Southern California Earthquake Centre, told the LA Times last year.


Of those earthquakes, 17 were stronger than 2.5 magnitude and six of them were stronger than 3.0, with more tremors expected in the coming weeks, experts warn. Pictured is a view of the San Andreas fault in the Carrizo Plain

WHAT QUAKE MAGNITUDES MEAN 

Below a 3.0 magnitude: Earthquakes at this level are deemed level I in intensity. These are ‘Not felt except by a very few under especially favorable conditions,’ according to the USGS.


 ALSO READ : MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WARNING:US West Coast Earthquake Warning as Cascadia Subduction Zone Surges

 


 

Magnitude 3.0 to 3.9:  These quakes ‘only felt by a few persons at rest, especially on upper floors of buildings,’ or level III, which carry ‘vibrations similar to the passing of a truck.’

Magnitude 4 to 4.9: These are widely felt but rarely cause serious damage.

Magnitude 5 to 5.9: The USGS says level VI intensity is where people start getting scared. 

By level VII we start seeing ‘considerable damage in poorly built or badly designed structures.’

Magnitude 6.0 to 6.9: This level quake can take down ‘chimneys, factory stacks, columns, monuments’ and walls


The official USGS forecast for California earthquakes now predicts a 16 per cent chance of an M7.5 quake or larger on this section of the fault within the next 30 years. Shown here is the chance of an earthquake across California over the next 30 years

‘Because we recognise that the probability of having a large earthquake goes up.’

Despite this, Ms Baltay said the recent quakes are part of normal seismic activity and that there was no suggestion the tremors were signs of larger activity to come.

‘This is really typical behaviour,’ she said.

‘It’s as if someone put an oil can into the fault and lubricated it.’

Fears of California’s ‘Big One’ were stirred in May when an expert warned that a destructive earthquake will hit the state ‘imminently’.

Seismologist Dr Lucy Jones, from the US Geological Survey, warned in a dramatic speech that people need to act to protect themselves rather than ignoring the threat.

Dr Jones said people’s decision not to accept it will only mean more suffer as scientists warn the ‘Big One’ is now overdue to hit California.

In a keynote speech to a meeting of the Japan Geoscience Union and American Geophysical Union, Dr Jones warned that the public are yet to accept the randomness of future earthquakes. 

People tend to focus on earthquakes happening in the next 30 years but they should be preparing now, she warned. 

EARTHQUAKE WARNINGS

Seismologist Lucy Jones from the US Geological Survey warned she is trying to make people accept the fact catastrophe is imminent and that they need to prepare themselves. 

Dr Jones said our decision to not accept it will only mean more people suffer as scientists warn the ‘Big One’ is now overdue to hit California.

Dr Jones, who is from the US Geological Survey said there are three key reasons why the peril is so frightening – it cannot be seen, it is uncertain and it seems unknowable.

This means people bury their heads in the sand and pretend it won’t happen. 

The quake happened at a depth of around 4 miles (6.5km) on the infamous San Andreas Fault (pictured), close to a region where the Calaveras Fault branches off 

Dr Jones said there are three key reasons why the peril is so frightening – it cannot be seen, it is uncertain and it seems unknowable.

This means people bury their heads in the sand and pretend it won’t happen.  

‘We find patterns even when they’re not real,’ Dr Jones said. 

She tweeted on 23 May; ‘I’m not trying to terrify people. I’m trying to inspire action that will prevent our scenarios from coming true. It’s in our power to change’.


 

RECOMMENDED : BREAKING: GET OFF THE COASTS! FEMA WARNS NOW: MEGA QUAKE TO HIT CALIFORNIA!!

 


CALIFORNIA AT RISK OF DEVASTATING MEGAQUAKE

A report from the U.S. Geological Survey has warned the risk of ‘the big one’ hitting California has increased dramatically.

Researchers analysed the latest data from the state’s complex system of active geological faults, as well as new methods for translating these data into earthquake likelihoods.

The estimate for the likelihood that California will experience a magnitude 8 or larger earthquake in the next 30 years has increased from about 4.7 per cent to about 7.0 per cent, they say.

We are fortunate that seismic activity in California has been relatively low over the past century,’ said Tom Jordan, Director of the Southern California Earthquake Center and a co-author of the study.

‘But we know that tectonic forces are continually tightening the springs of the San Andreas fault system, making big quakes inevitable.’ 

ast week’s swarm hit California’s Monterey County on Monday at 11:31am ET (4:31pm GMT) about 13 miles (20 km) northeast of Gonzales, near Salinas

Her team published a scenario of a 7.8 earthquake on the San Andreas fault that could kill many people and devastate 15,000 buildings. 

In 2011 a magnitude nine earthquake hit the east coast of Japan, killing around 20,000 people.

‘The city leaders ignored protocol that said to move to higher ground and conducted their emergency meeting in the city hall’, said Dr Jones.

‘When the tsunami poured over the sea wall, they lost over 1,000 people, including most of their city government’. 

PLANS FOR ‘THE BIG ONE’ 

Federal, state and military officials have been working together to draft plans to be followed when the ‘Big One’ happens.

These contingency plans reflect deep anxiety about the potential gravity of the looming disaster: upward of 14,000 people dead in the worst-case scenarios, 30,000 injured, thousands left homeless and the region’s economy setback for years, if not decades.

As a response, what planners envision is a deployment of civilian and military personnel and equipment that would eclipse the response to any natural disaster that has occurred so far in the US.

There would be waves of cargo planes, helicopters and ships, as well as tens of thousands of soldiers, emergency officials, mortuary teams, police officers, firefighters, engineers, medical personnel and other specialists.

‘The response will be orders of magnitude larger than Hurricane Katrina or Super Storm Sandy,’ said Lt. Col. Clayton Braun of the Washington State Army National Guard.

134 EARTHQUAKES RATTLE THE SAN ANDREAS FAULT IN JUST ONE WEEK-Is California about to be hit by the 'Big One'?/134-earthquakes-rattle-san-andreas-fault-just-one-week-california-hit-big-one/

Posted by Patricia Irons on Tuesday, November 28, 2017


 

198 NON-VIOLENT METHODS TO FIGHT EVIL-Gene Sharp

198 NON-VIOLENT METHODS TO FIGHT EVIL-Gene Sharp

A few years ago I had a period of intense interest in Gandhi and his spiritual and political struggle, or his “experiments with truth” as he called them. He preached non-violence, ahimsa in sanskrit. Ahimsa’s precept of ’cause no injury’ includes one’s deeds, words, and thoughts. According to Gandhi the winner of human conflicts was the one that refrain from using violence – that moral power beats the power of force.

It was during this period that I discovered the works of Gene Sharp, the founder of the Albert Einstein Institution, a non-profit organization dedicated to advancing the study of nonviolent action. He is known for his extensive writings on nonviolent struggle, which have influenced numerous anti-government resistance movements around the world.

When you use the methods of non-violence against an oppressive state you might not only end up as the moral winner, but also as the final victor. Sharp’s fundamental belief is that any power structure relies upon the subjects’ obedience to the orders of the ruler(s). If enough subjects do not obey, rulers have no power – no matter how many guns they have.

Sharp cites the insight of Étienne de La Boétie (1530–1563), that if the subjects of a particular state recognize that they are the source of the state’s power, they can refuse their obedience and their leader(s) will be left without power.

Below you’ll find a small taste of his work in the form of 198 methods of non-violence . If you want to learn more about this philosophy I highly recommend you check out some of this other writing that can be accessed for free through the Albert Einstein Institute. For example, check out From Dictatorship to Democracy, which is just as relevant if you face oppression from a totalitarian democratorship.

Here’s the intro to the methods:

Far too often people struggling for democratic rights and justice are not aware of the full range of methods of nonviolent action. Wise strategy, attention to the dynamics of nonviolent struggle, and careful selection of methods can increase a group’s chances of success.

Gene Sharp’s researched and catalogued these 198 methods and provided a rich selection of historical examples in his seminal work, The Politics of Nonviolent Action (3 Vols.) Boston: Porter Sargent, 1973.

 

The Methods of Nonviolent Protest and Persuasion

Formal Statements

1. Public speeches
2. Letters of opposition or support
3. Declarations by organizations and institutions
4. Signed public statements
5. Declarations of indictment and intention
6. Group or mass petitions

Communications with a Wider Audience

7. Slogans, caricatures, and symbols
8. Banners, posters, and displayed communications
9. Leaflets, pamphlets, and books
10. Newspapers and journals
11. Records, radio, and television
12. Skywriting and earthwriting

Group Representations

13. Deputations
14. Mock awards
15. Group lobbying
16. Picketing
17. Mock elections

Symbolic Public Acts

18. Displays of flags and symbolic colors
19. Wearing of symbols
20. Prayer and worship
21. Delivering symbolic objects
22. Protest disrobings
23. Destruction of own property
24. Symbolic lights
25. Displays of portraits
26. Paint as protest
27. New signs and names
28. Symbolic sounds
29. Symbolic reclamations
30. Rude gestures

Pressures on Individuals

31. “Haunting” officials
32. Taunting officials
33. Fraternization
34. Vigils

Drama and Music

35. Humorous skits and pranks
36. Performances of plays and music
37. Singing

Processions

38. Marches
39. Parades
40. Religious processions
41. Pilgrimages
42. Motorcades

Honoring the Dead

43. Political mourning
44. Mock funerals
45. Demonstrative funerals
46. Homage at burial places

Public Assemblies

47. Assemblies of protest or support
48. Protest meetings
49. Camouflaged meetings of protest
50. Teach-ins

Withdrawal and Renunciation

51. Walk-outs
52. Silence
53. Renouncing honors
54. Turning one’s back

The Methods of Social Noncooperation

Ostracism of Persons

55. Social boycott
56. Selective social boycott
57. Lysistratic nonaction
58. Excommunication
59. Interdict

Noncooperation with Social Events, Customs, and Institutions

60. Suspension of social and sports activities
61. Boycott of social affairs
62. Student strike
63. Social disobedience
64. Withdrawal from social institutions

Withdrawal from the Social System

65. Stay-at-home
66. Total personal noncooperation
67. “Flight” of workers
68. Sanctuary
69. Collective disappearance
70. Protest emigration (hijrat)

The Methods of Economic Noncooperation: Economic Boycotts

Actions by Consumers

71. Consumers’ boycott
72. Nonconsumption of boycotted goods
73. Policy of austerity
74. Rent withholding
75. Refusal to rent
76. National consumers’ boycott
77. International consumers’ boycott

Action by Workers and Producers

78. Workmen’s boycott
79. Producers’ boycott

Action by Middlemen

80. Suppliers’ and handlers’ boycott

Action by Owners and Management

81. Traders’ boycott
82. Refusal to let or sell property
83. Lockout
84. Refusal of industrial assistance
85. Merchants’ “general strike”

Action by Holders of Financial Resources

86. Withdrawal of bank deposits
87. Refusal to pay fees, dues, and assessments
88. Refusal to pay debts or interest
89. Severance of funds and credit
90. Revenue refusal
91. Refusal of a government’s money

Action by Governments

92. Domestic embargo
93. Blacklisting of traders
94. International sellers’ embargo
95. International buyers’ embargo
96. International trade embargo

The Methods of Economic Noncooperation: The Strike

Symbolic Strikes

97. Protest strike
98. Quickie walkout (lightning strike)

Agricultural Strikes

99. Peasant strike
100. Farm Workers’ strike

Strikes by Special Groups

101. Refusal of impressed labor
102. Prisoners’ strike
103. Craft strike
104. Professional strike

Ordinary Industrial Strikes

105. Establishment strike
106. Industry strike
107. Sympathetic strike

Restricted Strikes

108. Detailed Strike
109. Bumper strike
110. Slowdown strike
111. Working-to-rule strike
112. Reporting “sick” (sick-in)
113. Strike by resignation
114. Limited strike
115. Selective strike

Multi-Industry Strikes

116. Generalized strike
117. General strike

Combination of Strikes and Economic Closures

118. Hartal
119. Economic shutdown

The Methods of Political Noncooperation

Rejection of Authority

120. Withholding or withdrawal of allegiance
121. Refusal of public support
122. Literature and speeches advocating resistance

Citizens’ Noncooperation with Government

123. Boycott of legislative bodies
124. Boycott of elections
125. Boycott of government employment and positions
126. Boycott of government depts., agencies, and other bodies
127. Withdrawal from government educational institutions
128. Boycott of government-supported organizations
129. Refusal of assistance to enforcement agents
130. Removal of own signs and placemarks
131. Refusal to accept appointed officials
132. Refusal to dissolve existing institutions

 

 

 

 

Citizens’ Alternatives to Obedience

133. Reluctant and slow compliance
134. Nonobedience in absence of direct supervision
135. Popular nonobedience
136. Disguised disobedience
137. Refusal of an assemblage or meeting to disperse
138. Sit-down
139. Noncooperation with conscription and deportation
140. Hiding, escape, and false identities
141. Civil disobedience of “illegitimate” laws

Action by Government Personnel

142. Selective refusal of assistance by government aides
143. Blocking of lines of command and information
144. Stalling and obstruction
145. General administrative noncooperation
146. Judicial noncooperation
147. Deliberate inefficiency and selective noncooperation by enforcement agents
148. Mutiny

Domestic Governmental Action

149. Quasi-legal evasions and delays
150. Noncooperation by constituent governmental units

International Governmental Action

151. Changes in diplomatic and other representations
152. Delay and cancellation of diplomatic events
153. Withholding of diplomatic recognition
154. Severance of diplomatic relations
155. Withdrawal from international organizations
156. Refusal of membership in international bodies
157. Expulsion from international organizations

The Methods of Nonviolent Intervention

Psychological Intervention

158. Self-exposure to the elements
159. The fast
a. Fast of moral pressure b. Hunger strike
c. Satyagrahic fast
160. Reverse trial
161. Nonviolent harassment

Physical Intervention

162. Sit-in
163. Stand-in
164. Ride-in
165. Wade-in
166. Mill-in
167. Pray-in
168. Nonviolent raids
169. Nonviolent air raids
170. Nonviolent invasion
171. Nonviolent interjection
172. Nonviolent obstruction
173. Nonviolent occupation

Social Intervention

174. Establishing new social patterns
175. Overloading of facilities
176. Stall-in
177. Speak-in
178. Guerrilla theater
179. Alternative social institutions
180. Alternative communication system

Economic Intervention

181. Reverse Strike
182. Stay-in Strike
183. Nonviolent land seizure
184. Defiance of Blockades
185. Politically Motivated Counterfeiting
186. Preclusive Purchasing
187. Seizure of assets
188. Dumping
189. Selective patronage
190. Alternative markets
191. Alternative transportation systems
192. Alternative economic institutions

Political Intervention

193. Overloading of administrative systems
194. Disclosing identities of secret agents
195. Seeking imprisonment
196. Civil disobedience of “neutral” laws
197. Work-on without collaboration
198. Dual sovereignty and parallel government


Source: Gene Sharp, The Politics of Nonviolent Action (3 Vols.)Boston: Porter Sargent, 1973.